Club News Sheet Ė No. 192††† www.pattayabridge.com††††8th July 2006

 

       
to news-sheet main page to Pattaya Bridge home page
       

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Winners †††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Runners-up

Mon 3rd N-S†† 1st Kenneth & Peter††††††††††† 58%†††††††††††††† 2nd †† Bob Short & Gerry†††††††††††† 57%

††††††††††††† E-W†† 1st Kees & Linda Lyen††††††† 56%†††††††††††††† 2nd †† Marten & Phil†††††††††††††††††††† 54%

Wed 5th††††††††† 1st Chuck & Clive†††††††††††††† 60%†††††††††††††† 2nd††† Dave & Phil††††††††††††††††††††††† 59%

Fri††† 7th †† ††††††† 1st Bill & Mike††††††††††††††††††† 57%†††††††††††††† 2nd††† Gerry & Tony†††††††††††††††††††† 56%

†††††††††††††††

Bidding Quiz†††††††††††††† †††† †††††† Standard American is assumed unless otherwise stated.

 

Hand A†††††††††† Hand B†††††††††† With Hand A itís love all and 1st seat. Do you open?

 

QJ††††††††††††††† 1096532 ††††† With Hand B partner opens 1 and you bid 1. Partner then††††

AQJ75†††††††† -†††††††††††††††† jumps to 3, game forcing. What do you bid?

9842†††††††††††† 5

95††††††††††††††† KJ7632

 

Hand C†††††††††† Hand D†††††††††† With Hand C partner opens 1, what do you bid?

 

KQ10842†††† 106†††††††††††††† With Hand D partner opens 1NT (15-17) and RHO bids 2 -

J1064†††††††††† A10††††††††††††† Multi Landy, Showing an (undisclosed) single suited hand.

6†††††††††††††††††† K1098††††††††† (a) What do you bid?

AK†††††††††††††† Q7532†††††††† (b)What do you bid if you play Lebensohl?

 

Hand E††††††††††† Hand F††††††††††† With Hand E RHO opens 1, what do you bid?

 

76†††††††††††††††† AKQ7†††††††††

107†††††††††††††† KJ93††††††††††† With Hand F you open 1 and Partner responds 1, what

AK832†††††††† K1096††††††††† do you bid?

AKJ9†††††††††† 9†††††

 

Bidding Sequences Quiz

 

G†††† 1†††† 2††† 2††††† pass†††† What is the 3 bid of the opponentís suit?

3

There is no interference in the following sequence: -

H†††† 1 - 1 - 3- 4††††††††††† What is 4? Does it show 1st round control?

J††††† 1 - 1 - 2- 3††††††††††† What is 4? Is it forcing?

††††††† 4

 

 

 


KJxxxx is not 4 points when partner bids the suit!Board 24 from Monday 3rd

 

Virtually everybody had problems with this deal: -

 

Dealer:†††††††††††† A††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Table A

West††††††††††††††† 1083†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† West(A)†††† North†††††††† East††††††††† South(B)

Love all††††††††††† AKQJ6†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† pass (1)††††† 1††††††††††††† pass†††††††† 1

††††††††††††††††††††††† A1084††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† pass†††††††††† 3†† ††††††††† pass ††††††† 5†† (2)

pass†††††††††† pass (3)††††† pass

QJ††††††††††††††† †††† N†††††††††††† K874†††††††††††††††††††

AQJ75†††††††† W††† E††††††††† K9642††††††††††††††††† ĎExpertí Table

9842†††††††††††††††††† S††††††††††††† 1073†††††††††††††††††††† West(A)†††† North†††††††† East††††††††† South(B)

95††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Q†††††††††††††††††††††††† pass (1)††††† 1††††††††††††† pass†††††††† 1

††††††††††††††††††††††† 1096532†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† pass†††††††††† 3†††††††††††† pass†††††††† 4††† (2)

-†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† pass†††††††††† 4††† (4)††††† pass†††††††† 5††† (5)

††††††††††††††††††††††† 5†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† pass†††††††††† 7†††††††††††† all pass

††††††††††††††††††††††† KJ7632†††††††

 

Table A:†††† (1)Did you open this West hand A in this weekís quiz? Non-vul and with an outside 4-carder I think that 2 is reasonable as itís a good suit. One player did actually open 2, but he was playing Muiderberg and it showed a weak five card ♥ suit with a 4 card minor.

(2)What did you bid with this South hand B in this weekís quiz? 5 was the popular choice and one bid only 4♣. 4is reasonable if it is game forcing/slam seeking and thatís the way I would play the bid. When partner has show a strong hand with ís this hand is not 4 points, itís enormous! If you apply the well established points scheme for shortage after a fit is found (3 for a singleton and 5 for a void) that makes it a 12 count + a very bid plus for SIX card support! A small slam is certain after partnerís jump and you should be looking for the grand!

ĎExpertí †††† (2)Our expert realises this of course. 5 (Exclusion Roman Keycard Blackwood) is

Table:††††††††††††† a strong possibility but he chose the rather more cautious approach of a 4 splinter Ė agreeing ís and showing shortage (singleton or void) in ís.

(3)   A splinter is usually followed by a cue bidding sequence and North simply cue bids his A.

(4)   And South now cue bids his shortage Ė showing a void.

(5)   And thatís all that North needs to know. The only possible loser can be in ís and so 7 is on a finesse at worst and probably lay-down. Since North has only promised 4 ís and South is looking for slam, itís fairly safe for North to assume that South has decent ís.

 

And what happened? 5+2 was the most popular score. One pair did bid to 6 and were not unhappy to be doubled with an overtrick. The bottom lines: -

-         Splinters can also be applicable at the 2nd round of bidding.

-         KJxxxx is not Ďjust 4 pointsí when partner has bid the suit.

-         If partner has bid two suits and you have a fit and a void in an unbid suit, that void is probably worth 5 Ďpointsí.

-         Donít double a freely bid slam just because you have an ace and a couple of useless queens.

-         A splinter is usually followed by a cue bid if there is slam interest.

-         A cue bid of your splinter suit shows a void.


A Mini-Splinter††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Board 6 from Monday 3rd

 

A jump shift is usually played as a good strong suit. Some play weak jump shifts (see next page for a perfect example). But some players play a jump shift after a major suit opening as a mini-splinter. There is a page on the web and I plan to expand it soon. Anyway, this E-W pair apparently play mini-splinters: -

 

Dealer:†††††††††††† A976†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

East††††††††††††††††† AQ†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† West(C)†††† North†††††††† East††††††††† South

E-W vul†††††††††† KJ1094†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† 1††††††††††† pass

††††††††††††††††††††††† J8†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 3††† (1)††††† pass ††††††††† 3††† (2)††† pass

4†† (3)††††† pass ††††††††† 4††† (4)††† pass

KQ10842†††† †††† N†††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††††††††††††† 4††† (5)††††† dbl†† (6)††††† 4NT (7)††† pass

J1064†††††††††† W††† E††††††††† K9732††††††††††††††††† 5†† (8)††††† dbl†† (9)††††† 6††† (10)pass

6†††††††††††††††††††††††† S††††††††††††† AQ†††††††††††††††††††††† pass†††††††††† dbl†† (11)

AK†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Q109742††††††††††††

††††††††††††††††††††††† J53††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

85††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

††††††††††††††††††††††† 87532††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

††††††††††††††††††††††† 653†††††††††††††

 

(1)   What did you bid with this West hand C in this weekís quiz? With 4 card support there is little point in bidding ís and I think that a 4 splinter is probably best (although some may like a better quality suit). This pair apparently play mini splinters and so 3 was a splinter in their system.

(2)   A cue bid, showing 1st round control.

(3)   A cue bid, showing 1st round control.

(4)   A cue bid, showing 1st round control.

(5)   A cue bid, showing 2ndround control.

(6)   Iíve no idea why North doubled.

(7)   RKCB (1430). Iím not so keen on bidding Blackwood with a void, but East knows that West has the A.

(8)   1 key card playing 1430

(9)   Iíve no idea why North doubled.

(10)    Redouble is possible, but 6 scores more than 5 redoubled+1 (I looked it up).

(11)     Iíve no idea why North doubled.

 

And what happened? 4 +2 was a common spot. With trumps 2-2 and absolutely every card right for declarer 12 tricks are trivial. Quite how the declarer in 6 managed to go down baffles me.

The bottom lines: -

-         Splinters are great. They are usually followed by a cue bid.

-         I was asked how to bid this hand. Playing normal splinters it could go: -

1 - 4 - 4 - 5 - 6. where 4 and 5 are cue bids and East hopes that there is just one loser. However, 6 is not that great a contract on the E-W cards and stopping in 4 is prudent. If West chose not to splinter then it could go 1 - 1 - 2 - 4 - pass, which is a very reasonable spot.


A Weak jump shift†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Board 1 from Monday 3rd

 

Another fairly popular treatment for the jump shift is weak Ė a six card suit that is too weak to respond normally (so 0-5 points). Note that this is not standard and needs alerting: -

 

Dealer:†††††††††††† Q2†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

North†††††††††††††† QJ109††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† West††††††††† North†††††††† East††††††††† South

Love all††††††††††† Q95††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† 1††††††††††††† pass†††††††† 2††† (1)

††††††††††††††††††††††† AQ94†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† pass (2)††††† pass†††††††††† pass (3)

†††††††

A75††††††††††††† †††† N†††††††††††† 109††††††††††††††††††††††

K8††††††††††††††† W††† E††††††††† A762†††††††††††††††††††

AK10642†††††††††† S††††††††††††† J83†††††††††††††††††††††††

83††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† K1076††††††††††††††††

††††††††††††††††††††††† KJ8643†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

543††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

††††††††††††††††††††††† 7††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

††††††††††††††††††††††† J52††††††††††††††

 

(1)   A weak jump shift, showing a hand with 6 ís and 0-5 points. The purpose of this treatment is pre-emptive, to make it difficult for the next player.

(2)   And it worked. This West was reluctant to come in at the 3-level.

(3)   East should probably balance here with a double.

 

And what happened? The 2 pre-empt worked. I saw this at more than one table and it usually went just one down for minus 50 and a good score to N-S. If E-W get into the bidding then they make a partscore (the computer says 4 makes) or they push up N-S.

The bottom lines: -

-         Weak jump shifts are interesting. But they are not standard and need alerting. Normal is to play strong jump shifts (good suit, good game forcing hand).

-         The weak jump shift is less effective if RHO understands balancing.

 

Passed out††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Board 15 from Monday 3rd

 

Dealer:†††††††††††† K9743††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† This board was passed out at 4 of the 7 tables

South†††††††††††††† K††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† on Monday. Do you think that anyone should

N-S vul††††††††††† 10642†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† have opened?

††††††††††††††††††††††† A32

West††††††††† North†††††††† East††††††††† South

52†††††††††††††††† †††† N†††††††††††† J6†††††††††††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††† pass (1)

A1084††††††††† W††† E††††††††† J92†††††††††††††††††††††† pass†††††††††† pass (2)††††† pass

A98††††††††††††††††††† S††††††††††††† KQ7††††††††††††††††††††

K964†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† J10875†††††††††† (1)11 points and 9 cards in the majors. This hand

††††††††††††††††††††††† AQ108†††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† conforms with the rule of 20 and I would

Q7653††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† certainly open 1as it contains both majors.

††††††††††††††††††††††† J53††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (2)In 3rd seat it is acceptable to open light and I

††††††††††††††††††††††† Q†††††††††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† would open 1; especially if you play Drury.

 

And what happened? Those who bid played in 2 or 3, making 9 or 10 tricks.


The most abused convention out there†††††††††††††† Board 22 from Monday 3rd

 

Iíve said it a number of times in the news-sheets Ė the Unusual NoTrump (UNT) and Michaels cue bids are the most abused conventions around. They are frequently mis-used with the wrong shape or with a totally incorrect point range. Here is an example from Monday with both (wrong shape and wrong points).

 

Dealer:†††††††††††† Q2†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

East††††††††††††††††† AJ2††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† West††††††††† North†††††††† East††††††††† South(E)

E-W vul†††††††††† 1096†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† 1††††††††††† 2NT (1)

††††††††††††††††††††††† 108543††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† pass ††† ††††† 3†††††††††††† 3††††††††††† pass

pass†††††††††† 4†††††††††††† 4††††††††††† pass (2)

J10†††††††††††††† †††† N†††††††††††† AK98543†††††††††††† pass†††††††††† 5†† (3)††††† all pass

K96543††††††† W††† E††††††††† Q8†††††††††††††††††††††††

Q4††††††††††††††††††††† S††††††††††††† J75†††††††††††††††††††††††

762††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Q††††††††††††††††††††††††

††††††††††††††††††††††† 76††††††††††††††††

107††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

††††††††††††††††††††††† AK832††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

††††††††††††††††††††††† AKJ9††††††††††

 

(1)   What did you bid with this South hand E in this weekís quiz? A 2 overcall is fine, with the intention of bidding 3 later is possible. 2NT (the UNT) is a very poor bid with this hand. It is far too good for a pre-emptive 2NT bid (which should be weak and 5-5 in the minors) and it is nowhere near good enough for the very strong type (which I play as game forcing)

(2)   Perhaps South should double here Ė to show more defence that his pre-empt suggested.

(3)   North believed South and so made the unnecessary sacrifice.

 

And what happened? 3 makes, 4 would have gone one down, 5 was minus two and scores about average when it was not doubled.

The bottom lines: -

-         UNT is 5-5 or 6-5 in the minors, not 5-4 or 6-4.

-         UNT is a pre-empt, so around 6-10 points.

-         Some players play that UNT followed by a bid shows a very strong hand. I like this treatment but by very strong I mean just that Ė game forcing.

-         The UNT is the most abused convention out there.

 


Intermediates Count††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Board 22 from Friday 7th

 

West upgraded his hand because of decent intermediated on this deal. East had superb intermediates, and if he too had upgraded then an easy 3NT would have been reached that was missed by all of the field: -

 

Dealer:†††††††††††† KQ8†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Table A

East††††††††††††††††† QJ8765††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† West††††††††† North†††††††† East(D)††† South

E-W vul†††††††††† A74††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† pass†††††††† pass

††††††††††††††††††††††† A††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 1NT (1)††††† 2††† (2)††††† 2NT (3)††† all pass

 

AJ9†††††††††††††† †††† N†††††††††††† 106†††††††††††††††††††††† ĎExpertí Table

K92††††††††††††† W††† E††††††††† A10††††††††††††††††††††† West††††††††† North†††††††† East(D)††† South

QJ652†††††††††††††††† S††††††††††††† K1098††††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† pass†††††††† pass

K10†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Q7532†††††††††††††††† 1NT (1)††††† 2††† (2)††††† pass (3)††† 2††† (4)

††††††††††††††††††††††† 75432†††††††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† pass†††††††††† pass (5)††††† 2NT (6)††† pass

43†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 3†††† ††††††† pass†††††††††† 3NT (7)††† all pass

††††††††††††††††††††††† 3††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

††††††††††††††††††††††† J986††††††††††††

 

Table A:†††† (1)With a 5 card suit and decent intermediates, this west decided to upgrade his hand to a 1NT opener.

(2)   A single-suited hand - playing Multi Landy.

(3)   What did you bid with this East hand D(a) in this weekís quiz? An invitational 2NT is 8-9 points, so OK? I donít think so. This hand is NOT 9 points, itís more like 11! Just look at those three 10ís and the intermediates. Lacking more sophisticated methods, the value bid here is 3NT.

ĎExpertí †††† (3)Our experts, of course, have more sophisticated methods, and Lebensohl is one

Table:††††††††††††† of them. So East simply passes for now so that he will find out which long suit North has. Double would be equally effective with the same result.

(4)   An automatic relay over the 2 bid.

(5)   I have a single suited hand.

(6)   Lebensohl, forcing opener to bid 3.

(7)   Showing values for 3NT and also a stop (slow shows).

 

And what happened? 3NT is solid on any lead, nobody bid it. Now I understand that itís difficult if West did not open 1NT (most would not) but after the 15-17 1NT opening it should easily have been reached.

The bottom lines: -

-         Intermediates count.

-         K432 is 3 points. K1098 is 4+ points, especially in No Trumps.


A Comedy of Errors†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Board 11 from Friday 7th††

 

N-S got in a mess here because of a ludicrous bid by East. But then they were let off the hook by an even more ludicrous bid by East later.

 

Dealer:†††††††††††† 1096††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

South†††††††††††††† AQ1087†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† West††††††††† North†††††††† East††††††††† South(F)

Love all††††††††††† 52†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††† 1

††††††††††††††††††††††† A76††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† pass†††††††††† 1††††††††††††† 2††† (1)††† 2††† (2)

pass†††††††††† 3††††††††††††† pass†††††††† 4†† (3)

542†††††††††††††† †††† N†††††††††††† J83†††††††††††††††††††††† pass†††††††††† pass (4)††††† dbl†† (5)††† 4††† (6)

54†††††††††††††††† W††† E††††††††† 62†††††††††††††††††††††††† all pass

84†††††††††††††††††††††† S††††††††††††† AQJ73†††††††††††††††††

Q108432†††††††††††††††††††††††††† KJ5†††††††††††††††††††††

††††††††††††††††††††††† AKQ7†††††††††

KJ93†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

††††††††††††††††††††††† K1096†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

††††††††††††††††††††††† 9†††††††††††††††††

 

(1)   To be fair, East is a beginner. He knew that he needed 11 points and a 5 card suit to overcall at the two level, I guess I omitted to teach him that you do not overcall in the suit that LHO has opened (and promised at least 4 cards in Ė N-S play a short ).

(2)   South asked the meaning of 2, and was told Ďnaturalí. Obviously he should simply double and take the 800 on offer for an easy total top. However, he chose to bid on as if there had been no intervention.

So that brings me to question F. What would you bid with this South hand F if there had been no overcall? The correct bid is 4 - a splinter agreeing ís and showing a singleton or void. This would then have led to the comfortable 6 contract. Showing the suit here, although it is game forcing, simply confuses the issue.

(3)   South meant this a splinter showing a singleton. That would have been the case last go but it is not now. I would take it as a cue bid showing 1st round control and agreeing ís, probably with just 2 card support. Since the A is presumably with RHO then 4NT, RKCB, would be the best bid here.

(4)   North was confused, He had the A and he was also totally baffled by his partnerís failure to double 2. Since he had no idea what was going on he passed.

(5)   Obviously 4 would have been a totally ridiculous contract, and East presumably felt sorry for N-S and so doubled them.

(6)   Phew!

 

And what happened? N-S scored a joint top in 4 +3 when East decided not to take his A when declarer led up towards the K in dummy. Nobody bid 6.

The bottom lines: -

-         Donít overcall in a suit that LHO has promised 4 cards in.

-         Donít double the opponents in a ridiculous contract when they have a good spot (slam even!) in another suit.

-         Donít double the opponents when RHO has passed a clearly game forcing bid.

-         A splinter is ALWAYS a jump and is usually a singleton. If itís a void then the splinter bidder cue bids it later.

-         A non-jump when a suit has been (sort of) agreed is a cue bid and shows 1st round control, either a void or more commonly the ace.


Bidding Quiz Answers

 

Hand A:†††† Pass is obviously fine. But I wonít argue if you chose 2, with a decent suit and an outside 4-carder the weak 2 is acceptable.

Hand B:††††† 4. A splinter agreeing ís and showing shortage (singleton or void). 4 is reasonable if you both know that it is forcing and slam seeking (slow arrival). 5, Exclusion Roman Keycard Blackwood (thus showing the void at once) is also possible but with few high card points I prefer the slowly slowly approach of the 4 splinter (and cue bid ís to show a void if partner cues in ís or í next). If you/partner are unsure about a 4 splinter here then you could simply bid 6; 5 is plain pathetic.

Hand C:†††† 4. A splinter agreeing ís and showing shortage (singleton or void). This is probably better than 1 as you have a known 5-4 fit and thatís the strain that you want to play in.

Hand D:†††† (a)3NT. Lacking more sophisticated methods (Lebensohl) 3NT is the value bid. This hand, with these glorious intermediates, is far too good for a feeble 2NT.

(b)Pass (or double). Playing Lebensohl you can wait to find out which long suit RHO has; itís probably a major. If itís ís then you bid 2NT next go followed by 3NT to show values for 3NT and a stop. If itís ís then bid 3NT next go to show the values but denying a stop. Slow shows. In the unlikely event that it turns out to be a minor suit then you can happily double (penalties).

Hand E:††††† 2, and bid 3 later if the opportunity arises. The hand is totally unsuitable for a double with just 2 ís. Do NOT attempt to show both suits with 2NT (The Unusual NoTrump, UNT) as this hand is far too strong. If you play that the UNT is weak or very strong if you bid again (a common practice that I approve of) then this hand is nowhere near good enough for the strong type.

Hand F:††††† 4. A splinter agreeing ís and showing shortage (singleton or void). There is absolutely no reason to introduce this suit as you have a known 4-4 or better fit.

 

 

Bidding Sequences Quiz Answers

 

G†††† 1††††† 2†† 2†††† pass†††† What is the 3 bid of the opponentís suit? It is primarily asking

3†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† partner to bid 3NT with a stop (A Western Cue bid). An alternative is to play DAB, which asks for a Ĺ stop.

There is no interference in the following sequence: -

H†††† 1 - 1 - 3- 4††††††††††† What is 4? Does it show 1st round control? I would play this as a splinter agreeing ís and showing a singleton (possibly void) in ís. 3 would be 4th suit but holding a genuine suit you bid 3 (4th suit) followed by 4 next go if you really want to show ís when partner has shown an enormous minor-suited hand.

J††††† 1 - 1 - 2- 3††††††††††† What is 4? Is it forcing? 4 is obviously 100% forcing.

4†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† What it means is by no means certain, I would assume the A or a void agreeing ís.

†††††††