Club News Sheet – No. 250        19th Aug 2007

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Mon 13th          1st  Lewis & Terry                      67%         2nd Dave & Jan                           63%

Wed 15th          1st Paul Sc.. & Sid                     65%         2nd Lewis & Terry                      64%

Fri  17th            1st  Bob & Dave                         64%         2nd Gastone & Jan                      60%


Bidding Quiz                           Standard American is assumed unless otherwise stated.


Hand A           Hand B           With Hand A partner opens 1, what do you bid?


K53              9543             (a)  What do you open with Hand B?         

A54              5                   (b)  Suppose you choose 1 and LHO overcall 2. Partner bids 

Q732            AKQ8654          2NT (11 points with a stop), what do you do?

J93               2


Hand C           Hand D           With Hand C LHO opens 1 and partner doubles. You bid 1

and partner jumps to 2NT, what do you bid?

Q943            102                                            

95                 AKJ82                                

K5                AJ83             With Hand D RHO opens 1, (a) What do you bid?   

76432          AJ                (b) Suppose you double and partner bids 1, what now?


Hand E            Hand F            With Hand E you open 1NT and partner transfers with 2. You

bid 2 and partner bids 2NT, what do you do?

A98              A75             

K1083          K942            With Hand F it’s unfavourable vulnerability. You pass as dealer

K106            A852            and partner opens 4, what do you do?

AQ10           86


Hand G           Hand H           With Hands G and H you are in 3rd seat, vulnerable against not…


KQJ632       KQJ986432     … what do you open with Hand G?

A                  A

10                 10                     … what do you open with Hand H?

AK1054       105


Hand J            Hand K           What do you open with Hand J?


AK63           K976            With hand K partner opens 1. It’s probably best to pass but

Q65              J973             you are afraid of being left in 1 with no fit there and so decide

AJ8               105               to bid 1, that’s fairly reasonable I suppose. Anyway, you bid

J103             653              1 and partner bids 2, what do you do now?                         

Bidding Sequences Quiz            All of these sequences occurred this week


L      1     dbl     pass   1          How many points is the jump to 2NT having doubled?

pass   2NT

M    1      1      dbl     pass       dbl is negative, showing both minors and 6+ points; 

4                                        how strong is the 4 bid?

N     1     pass   1      pass       Is 2 forcing? 


P      1     1      pass   1NT       How many points is 1NT opposite partner’s 1-level overcall?

Q     pass   pass   4                    How many tricks does the 4 opening show, vul against not?



That 4333 type shape again – part 1                   Board 12 from Monday 13th



Dealer:             K2                                              Table A

West                7654                                           West(E)     North         East            South

N-S vul            A95                                            1NT           pass           2              pass

                        9762                                          2              pass           2NT           pass

4      (1)    all pass

A98                   N             J10743                

K1083           W    E          QJ2                      Table B

K106                S              Q82                      West(E)     North         East            South

AQ10                                 K8                       1NT           pass           2              pass

                        Q65                                            2              pass           2NT           pass

A9                                              3NT   (1)    all pass




Table A:     (1)  What did you bid with this West hand E in this week’s quiz? Here we need to do some hand evaluation: it’s 16 points so knock off a point for the 3433 shape, but those three tens are worth well over a point and the 98 makes it an easy accept. So this West chose to bid 4.

Table B:     (1)  The other two West’s presumably went through the same hand evaluation process but, with excellent cards in all of the unbid suits elected to bid 3NT. I was one of them and that’s my answer to question E.


And what happened? 3NT looks like the best contract to me; but one made just 9 tricks while the other made 10 tricks for the top. 4 made exactly for an average.

The bottom lines: -

-     Add on ˝ a point for a useful ten, especially in NoTrumps; so 3 tens = 1˝ points.

-     Add on something for good intermediates (9,8) – especially in partner’s suit.

-     Knock off a point for the 4333 shape.

-     The 5-3 fit does not always play better than No Trumps.


The Club Championships       The current standings are: -

Gold Cup = Best 30                 Silver plate = Best 10      Bronze medal = Best 5


1816.8  Janne Roos                  666.8  Janne Roos                    350.4  Janne Roos

1811.8  Jan v Koss                  652.4  Jan v Koss                    340.2  Jan v Koss

1794.2  Dave Cutler                 640.0  Dave Cutler                   336.2  Bengt Malmgren

1732.0  Bob Pelletier                634.9  Paul Savelkral                332.9  Paul Savelkral

                                                634.5  Lars Gustaffson             328.0  Dave Cutler




That 4333 type shape again – part 2                   Board 21 from Monday 13th


Dealer:             QJ4                                            Table A

North               J1094                                         West(A)     North         East            South

N-S vul            1096                                           -                 pass           1             pass

                        872                                            1      (1)    pass           1NT           pass

2NT   (2)    pass           3NT (3)      all pass

K53                   N             872                      

A54               W    E          Q62                      Table B

Q732                S              AJ4                       West(A)     North         East            South

J93                                     AK105                 -                 pass           1             pass

                        A1096                                        1NT   (1)    pass           pass           dbl     (4)

K83                                            pass   (5)    2              all pass




Table A:     (1)  What did you bid with this West hand A in this week’s quiz? This hand is worth no more than 1NT – especially with the totally flat shape. With 8-10 points it’s best to bid 1NT directly rather than go via the 1 route.

(2)   This is an overbid. It shows 11-12 (or a very good 10). This is a very bad 10 and should deduct a point for the totally flat shape.

(3)   This hand would appear to be maximum – but not if you deduct a point for the 4333 type shape!

Table B:     (1)  This West sensible responded 1NT with Hand A.

(4)   With a totally flat hand South should pass – why on earth would he want to play in a probable 4-3 fit, vulnerable, when he can defend 1NT

(5)   This West new that this South’s bidding was “not to be trusted” but decided not to double. He would have doubled had E-W been non-vul but expected to get them 1 down for a good score anyway.


And what happened? 1NT is the limit for E-W. 3NT at table A went two down. 2 by North at table B went one down for a near top to E-W (the 100 penalty is more than 90 for making 1NT).

The bottom lines: -

-     After partner rebids 1NT (12-14) you need 11-12 points to invite. A poor 10 is nowhere near.

-     Knock off a point for the 4333 type shape. E-W at table A both failed to do so and so went two down!


That 4333 type shape again – part 3                   Board 12 from Friday 17th 


The poor 4 was bid at three tables on Friday – it goes down for the usual reason.


Dealer:             AK63                                         Table A

North               Q65                                            West          North(J)     East            South

both vul            AJ8                                             -                 1NT (1)      pass           2

                        J103                                           2              2              pass           4    (2)

all pass

J54                    N             98                        

KJ9843         W    E          1072                     ‘Terry’s’ Table

Q                      S              K1096                  West          North(J)     East            South

974                                    KQ82                  -                 1   (1)      pass           1    (3)

                        Q1072                                        pass   (4)    2              all pass





Table A:     (1)  What did you open with this North hand J in this week’s quiz? It’s that dreaded 4333 shape again and is not worth 1NT.

(2)  With 10 points opposite a 1NT opener and a 4-4 fit, South obviously bids game.

‘Terry’s’     I was not playing on Friday, but had I been Lewis’s partner (so North) this is how

 Table:        our auction would have gone: -

(1)   I knock off a point for the 4333 shape and open a prudent 1with hand J.

(3)  Lewis and I play Walsh; and as this hand is only worth 1 bid he bids 1 rather than introducing the suit.

(1)   West has no room to mention his ’s now – but it makes no difference as N-S are not going to overbid to game anyway.


And what happened? 4 is a poor contract and went down twice (as Deep Finesse says it does). One pair managed to stop in 2NT with a 4-4 fit.

The bottom lines: -

-         Knock off a point for the 4333 type shape – it does not generate tricks (lack of long suits) and has no ruffing values.

-         Even though South has good shape, this is a classic example of why the North hand is not worth 15 points.


Don’t pass partner’s reverse – it’s forcing        Board 14 from Monday 13th


Here we have the same North in action – this time passing Lewis’s forcing reverse bid.


Dealer:             K976                                          West          North(K)    East            South

East                  J973                                           -                 -                 pass           1

Love all            105                                             pass           1    (1)      pass           2      (2)

653                                            pass           pass (3)


QJ8                   N             A10542          (1)  pass is the obvious alternative.

Q1062          W    E          K54                (2) a reverse – absolutely forcing.

J986                  S              K73                (3)  What did you bid with this North hand K in

QJ                                      108                      this week’s quiz? You did not really have

                        3                                                 enough values to respond initially but pass

A8                                              now – leaving partner in a 4-2 fit – is totally

AQ42                                         ridiculous. 2NT and 3 are the options. If you

AK9742                                     play Lebonsohl over partner’s reverse then

bid 2NT and pass partner’s ‘forced’ 3 response.


A vulnerable 4 opening                                Board 5 from Monday 13th


And this is Lewis’ partner’s finest moment – a great 4 opening. Or a diabolical opening, according to your point of view. Unfortunately this board was mistakenly rotated 180 degrees so Bengt actually had the South hand.


North               A75                                            West          North(F)    East            South(G)

East                  K942                                          -                 pass           pass           4  (1)

Love all            A852                                          pass           pass (2)      pass  


(1)  What did you open with this South hand G in

10                      N             984                       this week’s quiz? It’s a 3-loser hand with 10

QJ873            W    E          1065                     playing tricks and Bengt opened 4.

J9764                  S              KQ3               (2)  What did you bid with this North hand F in

J9                                       Q732                   this week’s quiz? Pass seem totally automatic

                        KQJ632                                     to me. Bengt (South) insisted that 4 shows a

A                                                very strong hand at this vulnerability and that

10                                               North should bid slam. This is total nonsense

AK1054                                     in my view and is a classic example of ‘doing a Chuck’ (immediately blame partner for your own mistake).

This hand caused some discussion after the play and a lot at the end of the session. Bengt came up to me and asked me to agree that North should bid slam as South has promised 9 playing tricks with his vul against not 4 pre-empt. That statement is untrue; even if you do go along with Culbertson’s rule of 2 (that’s vul against not) then 4 shows just 8 tricks. Also, a 4 pre-empt is normally an 8 or longer card suit, most definitely not a huge two-suiter, with 10 playing tricks, and with two aces and a king outside the pre-empt suit. Look at hand H for a suitable 4 opening at unfavourable vulnerability. Bengt was obviously not impressed with my apparent lack of bridge knowledge so he wandered up to Jan and asked how many tricks an unfavourable vulnerability 4 opening should show. Jan answered  9-10. Perfect partners?

And what happened? 7 is cold but everybody stopped in 4; two made +1 and two made +3.

If 3NT is an option …                                          Board 4 from Monday 13th


With a minor suit of AKQxxxx – think 3NT! – it looks like I was the only one to follow this advice on Monday.


Dealer:             1086                                           Table A

West                QJ10974                                    West(B)     North         East            South

both vul            -                                                  3    (1)      pass (2)      pass   (3)    pass   (4)


Table B

9543                  N             AJ2                       West(B)     North         East            South

5                    W    E          K86                      1     (1)     2    (5)      2NT   (6)    pass   (7)

AKQ8654         S              1032                     3NT  (8)     all pass

2                                        A874                   






Table A:     (1)  What did you open with this West hand B(a) in this week’s quiz? This hand is far too good for a 3 pre-empt, and many would be loath to open 3 anyway, with a 4-card major. Pass is reasonable I suppose but the hand does conform with the rule of 20 and 1 is fine in my opinion. The other very reasonable (perhaps better) alternative is a gambling 3NT.

(2)   I would try 3, it has great shape and a great suit – but partner may expect more points?

(3)   I would bid 4 here. It’s not good enough for 3NT (East cannot possibly expect a totally solid 7 card suit opposite) and I always raise with 3 trumps.

(4)   With this flat hand and no 4-card major, it’s difficult for South to come in.

Table B:     (1)  This is one of the two sensible opening options (a gambling 3NT being the other).

(5)  A weak jump overcall, fine.

(6)  11 points with a stop, fine.

(7)  I would bid 3, but then I always raise partner with 3 decent trumps.

(8)  What did you bid with this West hand B(b) in this week’s quiz? If you think it’s only 9 points, so pass, then look again. If you still think it’s just 9 points then read up on hand evaluation. I bid 3NT.


And what happened? 3NT by East is cold and made +1 on the obvious lead. Note that had West opened a gambling 3NT then he would likely have gone down on the obvious Q lead (unless he plays double-dummy and plays South for Axx exactly, in which case the suit get blocked and West makes 9 tricks). The two other tables played in 5 doubled going down.

The bottom lines: -

-         AKQxxxx is far too strong for a pre-empt (except 3NT if it’s a minor).

-         If 3NT is an option – then bid it (Hammon’s law).


A simple question (before you read the next page)


A 1NT overcall shows 15-18 points.

A double followed by 1NT shows 19-20 points.

So how many points is a double followed by a jump to 2NT?

A huge hand …?                                                  Board 14 from Monday 13th


Answer: Double followed by a jump to 2NT shows 21-23 points!


Dealer:             102                                             West          North(D)    East            South(C)

East                  AKJ82                                       1             dbl   (1)      pass           1

Love all            AJ83                                           pass           2NT (2)      pass           pass   (3)

                        AJ                                              pass


KJ7                   N             A865                   

1073               W    E          Q64                     

Q6                      S              109742                

KQ1098                            5                         






(1)  What did you bid with this North hand D(a) in this week’s quiz? I think it’s close between 1 and 1NT and would not argue with either. Double is a very poor alternative  because you are very likely to get a 1 response and then what? A subsequent 2 bid would over-state the ’s and 1NT would be an overbid after a double (it shows 19-20).

(2)   What did you bid with this North hand D(b) in this week’s quiz? Here we are, as I predicted, with a difficult bid because of the silly initial double. The overbid of 1NT is probably best now. This jump bid of 2NT is totally ridiculous of course.

(3)   What did you bid with this South hand C in this week’s quiz? I would bid 3NT here like a shot – partner has promised a huge hand (21+). However, this example explains why I generally get around 40% if I end up partnering this particular North – I expect my partners to have their bid. Dave (this South) is somewhat more pragmatic in his approach – he knows that this North’s bidding is “not to be trusted” and so he passed!


And what happened? Luckily for North he was playing against a couple of beginners and so made the ridiculous contract for a totally undeserved top. Had he been partnering me he would have got a complete bottom going down in 3NT, probably doubled.





Dave’s Column     Here is this week’s Dave input involving the best play for the contract.


West                East                      You are West, playing in 6♥. How do you play on the J lead,

AQ6             843                   won by South and the J returned?

AJ1054        KQ32        

A103            KQ962      

Q5               3



Dave’s Column answer                      Board 20 from Wednesday 15th



Dealer:             K7                                              Book Auction

West                7                                                 West          North         East            South

both vul            J875                                            1    (1)      pass           4   (2)      dbl

                        J109762                                     6              all pass


AQ6                  N             843                      Table A

AJ1054          W    E          KQ32                   West          North         East          South

A103                  S              KQ962                 1NT (1)      pass           2   (3)    pass

Q5                                     3                         2    (4)      pass           4            all pass






‘Book        (1)  The ‘obvious?’ opening.

 auction’:    (2)  a splinter

Table A:     (1)  With tenaces to protect, I prefer a 1NT opening with this hand.

(3)   This is what most people would bid, but if you play 4-way transfers I prefer 2NT (a transfer to ’s) followed by a natural 3 bid. Since West would super-accept the transfer (so promising Axx here) and then agree ’s (with a 3 cue bid) East should be able to bid the slam.

(4)   This also seems obvious, but if you’ve read the chapter on “Stayman super-accepts” in the No trump bidding bookthen West should bid 3 - showing an absolute maximum with a 5 card suit.


Onto the play after South wins the A and returns the J, here’s Dave’s book answer: -

“ Since you are hoping to score 5 tricks there is no point in risking the finesse. You rise with the A, ruff the remaining and draw trumps in 3 rounds. You must now play the suit in the best way, how do you do this?

If the suit breaks 3-2 then it’s easy. If South

                        J8                                          holds Jxxx then you can do nothing.

10                                       Q96                So you must concentrate your efforts on   

                        -                                            overcoming Jxxx with North. Suppose your first

move is to play the 3 to dummy’ K. When you return to the A, South will show out and this position will remain in the suit. When you now lead the 10 North will duck and you have no entry to the ’s as the suit is blocked.


Back to me (Terry). The book then goes into elaborate details of how West should take card to unblock the suit by playing the 10 first.

Terry’s comments: - I guess that there is not actually anything incorrect in what the book says, but I can see no reason whatsoever why declarer should ruff his 2nd . He then always has an entry to dummy and there is no need to be so precise in the play of the suit. Playing the ’s in the book way is only necessary if South returns a at trick two – and he did not.

Maybe book writers should take more care about the small details?

And what happened at the Pattaya bridge club?

The board was played 3 times, with everybody in 4. Two made just +1 and one made +2.

Who needs Blackwood? - cuebidding to slam
                              Board 26 from Monday 13th


Just one pair bid the grand on Monday – and not a mention of Blackwood!


Dealer:             -                                                

East                  KJ103                                        West          North         East            South

both vul            Q10872                                      -                -                 pass           2

                        A1085                                        pass   (1)   2    (2)      pass           2    (3)

pass           3    (4)      pass           3    (5)

KQ108654        N             J72                         pass           4   (6)      pass           4    (7)

-                     W    E          984                       pass           4    (8)      pass           5    (9)

64                     S              953                       pass           6    (10)    pass           6    (11)

J643                                   K972                   pass           7    (12)    all pass






(1)   A 2 overcall would have given N-S less room, especially when East raises to 3.

(2)   Waiting or negative.

(3)   Game forcing

(4)   Showing slam interest - 4 would be fast arrival and 3 a 2nd negative in their system. 3, a splinter agreeing ’s, is also a very reasonable perhaps better option.

(5)   A cue bid – the A

(6)   A cue bid – the A

(7)   A cue bid – the A

(8)   A cue bid – showing 2nd round control; it could be the K, a singleton or a void.

(9)   A cue bid – showing the K

(10)     A cue bid – showing 3rd round control; it could be a doubleton but more likely the Q.

(11)      I have nothing more to say.

(12)      But I have the K which you don't know about!

And what happened? 7 once, 6 once and the other two pairs stopped in 4. Everybody simply claimed the obvious 13+ tricks.

The bottom lines: -

-         Good slam bidding is not just using Blackwood to locate missing aces/kings. Here a cold 7 was reached missing two kings.

-     More established pairs should try cue bidding rather than leaping straight into Blackwood when they have suitable hands - generally shapely hands like these when spurious kings (the black kings in this example) are irrelevant.


Bidding Quiz Answers


Hand A:    1NT. Some play this as 8-10 (go via 1 with 6-7) and others 6-10. Either way the hand is not worth 2NT at any stage (now or after bidding 1 and getting a 1NT response).

Hand B:    (a)  1 or 3NT. 3NT is gambling (a completely solid 7 or 8 card minor with no outside ace or king) and is one of the two sensible options. But the hand does contain a 4-card major and conforms with the rule of 20 and so 1 is also reasonable in my opinion (that’s actually what I opened). The hand is far too good for a 3 pre-empt and pass would never occur to me.

(b)  3NT. Partner has 11 points and has a stop. You expect your hand to make 7 tricks, so bid the 3NT game; partner’s 11 points should provide two tricks.

Hand C:    3NT. Partner’s jump to 2NT having doubled shows a huge hand, about 21-23 points, and you have easily enough to bid game.

Hand D:    (a)  1NT or 1. I prefer 1NT but 1 is very reasonable. What is not reasonable is double as you have no decent bid over partner’s expected 1 response.

(b)  I don’t really know as I would not have doubled at (a), but I guess 1NT (19-20) is the best of the evils now. 2 would overstate the suit. 2NT is ridiculous.

Hand E:    3NT. There are two points to consider: (a) is it worth game, and (b) 3NT or 4?

                  (a)  The hand has 16 HCP’s but knock off a point for the 3433 shape and it’s 15. But then there are 3 useful tens and together with the 98 in partner’s suit it’s worth game

(b)  With great cards outside ’s and no shortage this hand will probably make the same number of tricks in ’s or NoTrumps – so bid 3NT.

Hand F:     Pass. Even if partner is disciplined and follows Culbertson’s rules of 2,3,4 his 4 pre-empt at this vulnerability shows 8 playing tricks. You do not have enough to bid on.

Hand G:    1 or 2. This is probably a matter of style. Dave chose 1 but later thought that 2 was better. Lewis would open 1♠. I am not a great fan of opening 2 with two-suiters but this hand does have 10 playing tricks. I would open 2 but only just – I certainly would not argue with 1. But I would argue with 4 which is preposterous – you could easily miss a slam with 4 going down.

Hand H:    4. This is a classic 4 opener and this one is fine even at unfavourable vulnerability as it has 8 playing tricks.

Hand J:     1. Knock off a point for 4333 and it’s not worth 1NT.

Hand K:    3 or 2NT. You cannot pass (and leave partner in a 4-2 fit) as his reverse is forcing. If you play Lebensohl over partner’s reverse then you can bid 2NT and pass partner’s forced 3 reply.


Bidding Sequences Answers    



L      1     dbl     pass   1          A 1NT overcall is 15-18 and dbl followed by 1NT is 19-20.

pass   2NT                           Thus this 2NT jump is around 21-23; a very big hand.

M    1      1      dbl     pass       4 is huge, saying that he has a self sufficient suit and, by   

4                                        inference, short ’s and good cards in the minors.

N     1     pass   1      pass       This is a reverse and is 100% forcing? 


P      1     1      pass   1NT       around 9-11; partner is only promising 7+.

Q     pass   pass   4                    According to Culbertson’s rule of two (unfavourable vulnerability) is shows 8 tricks (and usually 8 ’s).