Our website is www.pattayabridge.com                           Club News Sheet – No. 346

Our blogsite is www.pattayabridge.wordpress.com                                 

My home phone is 038 422924 and my mobile number is 083 6066880              28th June 2009

It is best to use my home number to contact me unless I am at the bridge club.

My e-mail is terry@pattayabridge.com or pattayabridge@yahoo.com

My MSN messenger ID is tj_quested@hotmail.com

Mon 22nd               1st  Linda & Charles                =     1st    Derek & Gerard                     57%

Wed 24th                1st  Bob S & Ian           59%           2nd    Dave & Mike G                     58%

Fri    26th                1st  Jan & Janne            61%           2nd    Paul Q & Terry Q                  58%

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Bidding Quiz                    Standard American bidding is assumed unless otherwise stated.


Hand A           Hand B           What do you open with Hand A?


-                   -                                          

1095             K105            What do you open with Hand B?             

AKQJ862     AKQJ862                                 

1076            A106


Hand C           Hand D           With Hand C it’s favourable vulnerability and you are

in first seat. Do you open? If so, with what?

Q10984        AJ                                        

Q94              7532             With Hand D it’s unfavourable vulnerability and you are in

10                 AK854         4th seat after three passes. Do you open? If so, with what?

AK32           64               


Hand E            Hand F            With Hand E it’s both vul. LHO opens 1, RHO bids 1NT

and LHO bids 2. This is passed to you, what do you do?

KJ109          AKQ74                               

J10               Q10974                               

J10976          J73               With Hand F RHO opens 1, what do you bid.

K3               -                                                                  


Hand G           Hand H           With Hand G partner opens 1, what do you do?


106               742                                                    

987652         -                   With Hand H you open 1 and LHO overcalls 1NT. Partner,   

Q                  KQJ93         bless him, bids 2 and RHO passes; what do you do?            

10652          AJ632


Hand J            Hand K           With Hand J partner opens 1 and RHO overcalls 1, what

do you bid?

AJ                 A105           
109xx           QJ32            With Hand K you open 1, partner bids 1, you bid 1 and
Jx                  10                partner bids 1 (natural). What do you bid?
KQ10xx       AKQ102


Ron Klinger web site




Bidding Sequence Quiz


L      1     1      dbl                  What does this negative double show? One 4-card major or both or something completely different?

M    1      1NT   2                   Is 2 strong, invitational or weak?



Balancing                                                              Board 10 from Monday 22nd


South asked me to write this one up – apparently he has never seen anybody find a bid like this North did at Table B (seems automatic to me).


Dealer:             KJ109                                        Table A

East                  J10                                             West          North(E)    East          South

Both vul            J10976                                       -                 -                 1            pass

                        K3                                             1NT           pass           2            pass

pass           pass (1)

Q32                    N               A5                     

98                   W    E            AQ7643            Table B

K82                    S                Q3                     West          North(E)    East          South

QJ1042                                986                    -                 -                 1            pass

1NT           pass           2            pass      

8764                                           pass           2    (1)      all pass    





Table A:     (1)  What did you bid with this North hand E in this week’s quiz? Most players simply passed. The problem with a balancing double is if partner bids 3.

Table B:     (1)  This North, however, found the solution. KJxx is NOT the same as KJ109 and a 2 bid is my answer to question E. On the bidding it’s very likely to be a 4-4 fit but with these trump intermediates a 4-3 fit may also play well. Rather than bidding the suit, a double is also reasonable as you can remove 3 to 3 - this does no show the normal strong hand as you have already passed.


And what happened? As South started to put dummy down, North (correctly) commented that -1 should be a good score. Actually South had a good dummy and North made 2+2 for the only +ve score in the N-S column. Other results were 1= and 2= (three times). So it appears that nobody else even thought about balancing by bidding ’s or doubling with this North hand.

The bottom lines: -

-         If you defended 2 (or 1♥!) then read up about balancing!

-         A balancing bid with a 4-card suit often works; especially when RHO has denied  ’s, and when LHO shows 6 ’s, it’s likely that he too is short in ’s.

-         KJ109 is huge, by that I mean it is huger that KJ32. Upgrade a suit with good intermediates.

The weak jump shift                                             Board 21 from Monday 22nd


N-S at table A missed an easy game here because they presumably do not play the weak jump shifts?


Dealer:             AK3                                           Table A

North               AJ104                                        West          North         East          South(G)

N-S vul            A1095                                       -                 1             pass         pass (1)

                        Q3                                             2             dbl             pass         2   

all pass      

J984                   N               Q752                 

3                     W    E            KQ                    Table B

J84                     S                K7632               West          North         East          South(G)

AKJ87                                 94                      -                 1              pass         2    (1)

pass           4    (2)      all pass            






Table A:     (1)  What did you bid with this South hand G in this week’s quiz? 2 points and a mis-fit, so this South passed

Table B:     (1)  This South, however, plays weak jump shifts and that worked very well here. A weak jump to 2 is the answer to question G provided that you play this convention.

                  (2)  With a known 10 card fit, North bids game of course.


And what happened? 4= twice, 2+2, 3*(W)-2 and 2(W)=

The bottom lines: -

-         The weak jump shift really is worth playing. It is generally meant to mess-up the opponents but it may (as here) help your side to reach game.

-         A weak jump shift is generally played as about 2-5 points and a 6-card suit; i.e. a hand that is too weak to respond at the one level.


Current club championship standings




Gold Cup = Best 30

Silver Plate = Best 10

Bronze Medal = Best 5











1827.6 Janne Roos

1790.6 Paul Quodomine

1788.5 Hans Vikman

1768.3 Sally Watson

649.2 Janne Roos

639.3 Hans Vikman

636.2 Paul Quodomine

630.1 Sally Watson

616.9 Jeremy Watson

615.1 Lars Broman

614.1 Bob Short

612.3 Ivy Schlageter

609.2 Jean Wissing

607.6 Per Andersson


334.8 Janne Roos

329.0 Hans Vikman

326.9 Paul Quodomine

324.5 Sally Watson

321.8 Ivy Schlageter

321.7 Bob Short

321.3 Jeremy Watson

321.0 Per Andersson

316.1 Lars Broman

315.7 Jean Wissing



When partner has a miserable hand…               Board 24 from Monday 22nd


Here South decided to go charging into a hopeless game, totally disregarding the bidding of others (especially partner) at the table.


Dealer:             KJ73                                          West          North         East          South

West                K87                                            pass           1             dbl           1    (1)

Love all            K852                                         pass           pass (2)      dbl           pass (3)

                        Q5                                             1              pass           pass         4

pass           pass           dbl

10952                 N               AQ64                

4                     W    E            1052            

Q1093                S                A6                     

10632                                  AKJ4          






(1)   This is forcing and fine.

(2)   North knew fully well that his partner’s bid was forcing (a two level response would be non-forcing), but with his absolutely minimal opener and East presumably sitting over him with the ’s he decided to tell his partner that he had a lousy hand by passing his forcing bid. He obviously had more respect for this East than for his current partner.

(3)   2 would be fine. I can see absolutely no point in allowing West to bid at the one level – did South really expect to be allowed to play in 1 doubled?

(4)   Totally disregarding his partner’s warning. 2, or maybe 3, are quite sufficient.     

And what happened? 4* got exactly what South deserved, down three and 500 away when the hand could have been played in1 by West.

The bottom lines: -

-     If your partner tells you that he has a very weak opening, listen to him.

That strange 7 and the 3NT                              Board 27 from Monday 22nd


I was asked how anybody could reach the strange contract of 7 and the equally strange contract of 3NT on this board. Anyway, here are the auctions which I in no way endorse.

So two amusing auctions when 6 is makeable on any lead (7 if you guess right / play it well), and ’s never even got mentioned at either table:


Dealer:             Q54                                            Table A

South               AQ84                                         West          North         East          South(A)

love all              753                                             -                 -                 -               3NT (1)

                        K74                                           pass           pass (2)      pass        


AK109               N               J87632               Table B

J72                 W    E            963                    West          North         East          South(A)

-                          S                1094                   -                 -                 -               2   (1)

QJ9852                                3                        dbl   (3)      pass (4)      2            3    (5)

-                                                 pass           4    (6)      pass         4NT (7)

                        K105                                          pass           5    (8)      pass         7    (9)

AKQJ862                                   all pass



Table A:     (1)  What did you open with this South hand A in this week’s quiz? Most players play that a gambling 3NT guarantees absolutely no outside ace or king (otherwise partner has no idea if a suit is wide open or not and then it really is ‘gambling’). I go along with the majority and this hand is far too good for 3NT.

(2)   With ’s and ’s stopped and a chance of a stopper, this pass is absolutely correct if playing the gambling 3NT in the recommended style.

Table B:     (1)  So back to our opening problem; this hand is 8½ playing tricks with a couple of tens in addition. It’s close to a 2 opener, the better alternative is 1 followed by 3 (or 3NT if partner bids ’s). However, this pair play Benjamin twos and it’s then an obvious 2 opener.

(3)   Showing ’s

(4)   A 2 bid here would promise 5+ ’s.

(5)   Asking for a stop

(6)   No stop, but (by inference of the earlier pass) a 4-card suit.

(7)   RKCB – since both opponents have shown black suits South inferred that partner must have loads of ’s. I won’t comment on this but will add my usual statement that Blackwood with a void usually sucks, but is OK on this occasion as partner has denied the A (no stop).

(8)   One keycard playing 3014.

(9)   5, asking for the Q would be more sensible, but why introduce a sensible bid at this final stage in the auction?


And what happened? 7 made when East failed to lead a and declarer played for the trumps to be 3-3. 3NT made +3 for a poor score. Nobody bid 7 but 6+1 got a 2nd. So as it happens a safe 6 would have scored just as good a top as the silly 7 by North. The bottom lines: -

-         Grand slams in solid 7-3 fits are usually safer than dodgy 4-3 fits, but 7 also needs a bit of luck/good play to make but is a far superior contract to 7 of course.

-         If intent upon looking for 7, Josaphine GSF 5NT is better at (7) but not many pairs have agreed the continuations and I doubt if this South has even heard of it.


A pass out?                                                           Board 25 from Monday 22nd


We don’t often get pass-outs on Monday/Friday (because the dealing program is set to give one player at least 12 points). However, two tables did pass this one out.


Dealer:             Q10984                                      Table A

North               Q94                                            West(D)     North(C)    East          South

E-W vul           10                                               -                 pass (1)      pass         pass

                        AK32                                         pass (2)     


AJ                       N               K7632                Table B

7532               W    E            K106                 West          North(C)    East          South

AK854               S                Q72                    -                 1    (1)      pass         1NT

64                                        Q10                   pass           2             pass         pass

5                                                 2              pass           pass         3

AJ8                                            pass           pass           3            all pass




Table A:     (1)  What did you open with this North hand C in this week’s quiz? Most players simply added up to eleven and passed.

(2)   What did you open with this West hand D in this week’s quiz? This pass is correct in 4th seat where the rule of 15 (points and ♠ length) applies. This deal, indeed, belongs to N-S – Deep Finesse says that N-S can make 8 tricks in ’s or 11 tricks in ’s and that E-W can make just 7 tricks in ’s.

Table B:     (1)  So back to our first opening problem; and as you probably know, I am not ‘most players’. In fact I believe that there are three reasonable options: -

(i)      Pass. Not for me, I am opening this hand.

(ii)    A weak 2. Very reasonable with these robust ’s and a 2nd 4-card suit.

(iii)    1. Now this is more like it. Q10984 is NOT two points and with this shape I believe that this hand is worth a 1 opener, so that’s what I bid and is my answer to question C. 2 would be my 2nd choice with pass a distant last.


And what happened? The pass-outs scored above average for E-W. 3 went -2 and a top to N-S at table B.

The bottom lines: -

-         Upgrade hands with good intermediates and tens.

-         Use the rule of 15 for marginal 4th seat openers, even with12 points.
Use the rule of 20 in 1 st and 2 nd seat – this North hand C is 20 for the rule with the points in the long suits, and thus a clear opener.

-         Opening a weak two with a 5 card suit is allowed, and I will often do so if I have another 5-carder or possibly with a good 4-carder.



Dave’s Column           Here is Dave’s input about the play of the hand.


West                East                      You are East, declarer in 4. South leads the Q, J and

643               KJ10872          and another which you ruff when North plays the A  

K72              84                     on dummy’s K. You cross to dummy with the Q and

Q62              AKJ3               play a upon which North plays the 5.

K876           A                      Which do you play from hand? 

Dave’s Column answer                      Board 10 from Wednesday 24th


Dealer:             A95                                            Book Auction

East                  A963                                          West          North         East            South

Both vul            109                                            -                 -                 1              pass  

                        10543                                         2    (1)      pass           4              all pass


643                     N             KJ10872              My Table

K72                W    E          84                         West          North         East          South

Q62                    S              AKJ3                   -                 -                 1            pass

K876                                 A                          1NT (2)      pass           2            all pass


QJ105                (1) Obvious playing Standard American.

8754                  (2) This pair play 2/1 and constructive raises. This West

QJ92                        decided to downgrade and bid a forcing 1NT because of the bad 3334 shape and poor trumps. A close call.


Assume that you are East, declarer in 4 as was the case at every table except ours.

South leads the Q followed by the J and a third which you ruff when North plays the A on your K. You lead a to dummy’s Q and lead a trump, North playing the 5.

Which trump do you play?

At our table (and at two others) East played the J leading to one down. The other two declarers guessed right by rising with the K.

You can find the correct play in any of several books that deal with declarer’s handling of single suit card combinations. East gains by playing the J if North has Qx. He gains by playing the K if North has Ax. In those two cases East has a complete guess. If North has Qxx or AQx East is sure to go down as he cannot return to dummy to lead another trump.

East’s play is a matter of skill only when South has the singleton Q. To profit from that possible holding East should put up the K on the first trump.

Playing the J is only correct if dummy has another entry so that you can pick up AQx from the North hand for just one loser; this combination is twice as likely as singleton Q with South but is irrelevant when there is only one entry to dummy.


And what happened at the Pattaya Bridge Club? 4= twice, 4-1 twice and 2+1.





Dave’s 2nd Column   Here is Dave’s 2nd input the play of the hand.


North               South                       You are North, declarer in 3NT.

QJ109          A5                        East leads the 3 and you win West’s 10 with the Q.

Q974            2                           You lead the Q which is allowed to hold. How should

AQ               J10982                  you continue?

AKJ             109652                               







Dave’s 2nd Column answer  Board 11 from Wednesday 24th


Dealer:             QJ109                                        Book bidding

South               Q974                                          West          North         East            South

Love all            AQ                                            -                 -                 -                 pass

                        AKJ                                           pass           1             dbl             3

pass           3NT           all pass

742                     N             K863                   

J1086             W    E          AK53             East leads the 3 and North wins West’s 10

76                       S              K543             with the Q. North leads the Q which is

Q874                                 3                    allowed to hold. How should North continue?






North should now cash just one high before offering his J. If West wins and leads a to partner’s K and dummy’s A, declarer wins 4 ’s, 1 , 2 ’s and 2 ’s. Returning a does no better as North has the spots.

If West refuses to win the Q declarer will win 9 tricks anyway, 3 ’s, 1 , 2 ’s and 3 ’s.

And what happened at the Pattaya bridge club? 4-1, 3NT-1 three times and 3NT= just the once (against me [Terry] of course – it was one of those days; very well played, Bob Pelletier).


Bid ’s or a 4-card major?                                   Board 15 from Wednesday 24th


I was asked about this one. Apparently North’s bidding was criticised by his partner. Playing standard methods North bid perfectly and South was totally to blame for the resultant poor score.


Dealer:             8643                                           West          North         East          South(J)

South               4                                                 -                 -                 -               1

N-S vul            AK965                                      pass           1   (1)      pass         1

                        865                                            pass           1    (2)      pass         3NT (3)

all pass              

K972                  N               QJ                     

A986              W    E            K1075          (1)  Unless you play Walsh, this 1 is obvious.

Q72                    S                J843             (2)  natural and forcing – just as if it was 1 - 1

J7                                         943              (3)  What did you bid with this South hand J in 

A105                                          this week’s quiz? I agree it’s difficult for

QJ32                                          South, but this jump is absurd as North has

10                                              promised no more than 6 points. 2, 2 or the

AKQ102                                    slight overbid of 2NT are the obvious

alternatives. I would bid 2NT because of the good suit and 3 10’s.

And what happened? 1NT=, 2=, 3NT-1 twice and 3NT-2. The bottom lines: -

-     The sequence 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 is natural and responder is promising no more than a minimum with ’s and ’s.

A responsive double                                            Board 25 from Wednesday 24th 


It doesn’t seem to come up that often, but here an interesting example of a responsive double occurred at table B.


Dealer:             9                                                 Table A

North               863                                             West          North         East          South

N-S vul            AK                                            -                 2   (1)      2            pass

                        AJ109654                                  pass           3             3            4

4              5             pass         pass

J5                       N               AKQ74              5              pass           pass         6   (2)

AKJ52           W    E            Q10974              dbl             all pass

Q8652                S                J73               

Q                                         -                         Table B

                        108632                                       West          North       East(F)       South

-                                                -                 1           1    (3)      2

1094                                          dbl   (4)      5           5    (5)      all pass



Table A:     (1)  Apparently a Benjamin two (good ’s). This is not strong enough in my opinion and I would open 1 even if playing Benjamin twos.

(2)  When partner could not double having promised a good hand, South correctly deduced that 5 may well be making and that 6 may even make.

Table B:     (3)  What did you bid with this East hand F in this week’s quiz? I totally agree with this – a Micheals cue bid of 2 should be either weak or much stronger than this.

(4)  An interesting choice – a Responsive double showing the two unbid suits and tolerance (i.e. a doubleton) for partner’s suit.

(5)  Very clear after partner’s descriptive bid.   



And what happened? 5= twice, 6-1, 5(N)*+1 and 6(N)*=.

The bottom lines: -

-         This West hand is a classic example (if a bit on the strong side) of the Responsive double in the auction at table B.



Paul’s Column                                          Board 25 from Wednesday 24th 


Dealer:             KJ1085                                      West          North         East          South

South               K5                                              -                 -                 -               1NT

both vul            64                                               pass           2              pass         3

                        A987                                          pass           4             pass         4   

pass           4              pass         4NT

A972                  N               -                         pass           5              pass         6

10963             W    E            J872                   all pass

82                       S                QJ1075             

QJ6                                      10532         






Playing a 15-17 1NT do you open 1D or 1NT?  The lack of intermediate cards anywhere argues in favor of 1NT.  Downgrade a point for this slight flaw as my partner did.  However when I transferred to spades the South hand became a maximum and partner correctly bid THREE spades ... a maximum NT opening and 4 spades.  Now I cue bid 4C as a mild slam try.  Despite holding "only" 11 high card points they were prime. Notice that there are no side suit queens or jacks in the North hand.  The auction proceeded with 4D (cue bid), 4S (no other 1st round control), 4NT (RKCB for spades), 5H (2 key cards and no queen of spades), 6S.

The contract is an excellent one which was missed at all the other tables, presumably after 1D, 1S, 4S.  The North hand holding the spade length might have moved on but apparently no one did.  Chalk up one (three) for hand evaluation, cue bids and super-accepts.

AJ                       On Friday’s board 19 North held this hand and heard partner open 1C in
109xx                 first seat. The next hand over-called 1D.  
Jx                       What did you bid with this Hand J in this week’s quiz?
KQ10xx             Apparently there are THREE differing opinions about what to do.

The actual responder made a negative double with only AJ in spades, poor hearts, and a great club fit.  This might have worked but is totally flawed.  Terry opines that 1H is best ... despite the lack of any top heart honor which will usually denote 5 or more H or heart strength. I feel that a 2D cue bid showing a sound raise to 3C (which is the hand you have) would never preclude partner from showing a secondary heart suit with 2H, and thus you would never miss a heart fit.  You decide.  A good 6C was missed at every table.


Hand J               Terry’s Comment: Partner opens 1 and RHO overcalls 1. Paul and I will

AJ                   have to agree to disagree on this one. Opener may well be short in ’s and the  

109xx             1 overcall makes it quite likely that he has ’s. I was always taught ‘never

Jx                   deny a 4-card major’. Paul says you will not miss it, but what if LHO butts in

KQ10xx         with say 2 or 3? And maybe opener is 4423? Or maybe LHO passes but

partner is minimum and signs off in 3 with maybe a 5-3 fit with a possible fit completely lost (this North hand is not good enough to introduce the suit at the three level opposite a minimum).

I also feel that the sequence 1 1 2 p 2 is ambiguous unless agreed. One could take it as the same as after an inverted minor raise with 2 showing a stop there and not necessarily a suit. I assume that 1 1 2 shows an invitational raise or better AND denies a 4-card major – virtually the same as when playing inverted minors.

About the sequence 1 1 1, Paul says that ‘if 1lacks of any top heart honor the bid will usually denote 5 or more H or heart strength’. I disagree and would never deny a 4-card suit and will make the same bid as if there was no overcall (except I double with two 4-card majors).

Anyway, we both agree that the negative dbl found at the table is totally wrong. In my (and Max Hardy’s) opinion it shows BOTH 4-card majors; with just one 4-card major simply bid it.

So Paul’s answer to question J is 2 and my answer is the ‘obvious’ 1. Take your pick, but DO NOT make a negative double which promises 4 cards in both majors.

<end of Paul’s column>        


Trust Partner                                                        Board 26 from Friday 26th 


Dealer:             J98                                             Table A

East                  AK97432                                   West          North         East          South(H)

Both vul            85                                              -                 -                 -               1

                        8                                                1NT           2    (1)      pass         3   (2) 

pass           3              dbl           all pass

KQ6                   N               A1053               

Q10                W    E            J865                  Table B

A10764              S                2                        West          North         East          South(H)

KQ9                                    10754                -                 -                 -               1

742                                             1NT           2              pass         pass (2) 

-                                                 pass                                  




Table A:     (1)  This is probably best, it shows ’s and is non-forcing. It’s not quite good enough for a penalty double as you may not get your ’s going against a 1NT doubled contract (indeed, E-W can make 2NT).

(2)  What did you bid with this South hand H in this week’s quiz? This South felt compelled to bid out his shape; perhaps he did not realize that partner’s bid could be very weak (with long ’s).

Table B:     (1)  This North also found the good 2 bid.

(2)  But this South knew that partner had ’s and could be very weak and so passed, and this is the answer to question H.


And what happened? 3*-2, 3*-1, 3-2 and 2= . It seems that the only South to trust his partner was the nameless one at table B; his partner also did well by actually making the contract, although down 1 would still have earned a complete top. The bottom lines: -

-         Trust partner, respect a 1NT overcall, and understand that sequence M is non-forcing.


Bidding Quiz Answers


Hand A:    3NT – the gambling 3NT showing a solid minor with nothing outside. The void is totally irrelevant.

Hand B:    1. 2, with just 8½ playing tricks and a couple of tens it’s close, but it’s probably not quite worth 2. Playing Benjamin twos it’s an easy 2 opener of course.

Hand C:    1. This 1098 in a 5-card suit are far more than zero points and I would not dream of passing. A weak 2 is an option (a 5-card suit is acceptable with a decent 2nd suit) but I consider the hand too good. The hand is 20 for the rule of 20, with points in the long suits, and a clear opener to me.

Hand D:    Pass. Yes, I know it’s a decent 12 points with a reasonable suit – but it’s not ’s! The suit is all important in 4th seat and you should pass if your hand does not comply with Pearson’s rule of 15. Of course you open 1 in any other seat.

Hand E:    2 or dbl. Do not let the opponents play in a comfortable 2. I prefer 2 as this suit is robust and even a 4-3 fit should play well, and partner may well have 4 ’s (he did) and you are only at the two level. Double is reasonable as if partner bids 3 you can remove to 3 which does not show a strong hand as you have already passed and the points are clearly evenly split between the two sides.

Hand F:     1, to be followed by a bid if necessary. With two 5-card majors it’s unsuitable for a double and the hand is too strong for a Michaels cue bid (and not strong enough for Michaels and big again which requires greater playing strength).

Hand G:    2, provided that you play the weak jump shift.

Hand H:    Pass. Partner is weak with long ’s.

Hand J:     2 (a sound raise to 3 or better) is Paul’s answer. I would simply bid 1, I see no reason not to ignore the overcall and bid 1 as if there was no interference.

Hand K:    2NT, or maybe 2or even 2? This is a tricky one (as always when you have 15-17 and cannot open 1NT). I would opt for the slight overbid of 2NT. 1NT is too much of an underbid and 3NT way over the top.



Bidding Sequence Quiz Answers


L      1     1      dbl                   This negative double shows both majors (exactly 4-4). If you are 4-3 (or 4-2) in the majors bid the 4-carder, and if you are 5-4 bid the longer. That’s the way I play it and it is exactly what Max Hardy says on page 224 of his book ‘Standard Bridge Bidding for the 21st Century’.

M    1      1NT   2                   2 is long, weakish and passable.



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