Our website is www.pattayabridge.com                           Club News Sheet – No. 360

Our blogsite is www.pattayabridge.wordpress.com                                 

My home phone is 038 422924 and my mobile number is 083 6066880              4th Oct 2009

It is best to use my home number to contact me unless I am at the bridge club.

My e-mail is terry@pattayabridge.com or pattayabridge@yahoo.com

My MSN messenger ID is tj_quested@hotmail.com

Mon 28th     1st     Hans V & Paul Sc              68%       2nd    Bob P & Robbie                    53%

Wed 30th      1st    Guttorm & Ivy                    58%       2nd    Kenneth & Val                       55%

Fri  2nd         1st    Mike G & Royd                 63%       2nd    Dave & Jan v Koss                56%

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Bidding Quiz                    Standard American bidding is assumed unless otherwise stated.


Hand A           Hand B           What do you open with Hand A?


2                   AJ10983                              

2                   42                 With Hand B partner opens 1 and you bid 1. Partner then    

10986           K6               reverses with 2, what do you bid?    

AKQ9765    Q53                                    


Hand C           Hand D           With Hand C partner opens 1 and you bid 1♠. Partner rebids

3, what do you do?

K642            87654                                        

K98              A3                With Hand D partner opens 3NT (gambling) and RHO doubles.

J6                  KJ                Everybody is vulnerable, what do you do?          

AJ84            J1083


Hand E            Hand F            With Hand E RHO opens a gambling 3NT, what do you do?


KQJ3           Q3                With Hand F you open 1 and partner bids 1.

KJ10654      AQJ107       (a)  What do you bid next?

AQ7              KQ108        (b)  Suppose you choose 3 and partner bids 3, what now?

-                   Q3



Bidding Sequence Quiz


G     1     1      2     pass      

        2NT                                           How many points does 2NT show?

H     1      pass   1      pass      

        3      pass   3                         3 is forcing, but is it game forcing and can 3 be passed?


Ron Klinger web site

The Gambling 3NT                                              Board 13 from Monday 14th   


The Gambling 3NT does not come up that often, but when it does it usually gets a good result – partner knows the situation exactly and knows what to do. Here is a perfect example at Table B.


Dealer:             87654                                         Table A

South               A3                                              West          North         East          South(A)

both vul            KJ                                              -                 -                 -               3   (1)

                        J1083                                         dbl   (2)      4   (3)      4    (4)    pass

pass           pass (5)

KQJ3                 N               A109                 

KJ10654        W    E            Q987                 Table B

AQ7                   S                5432                  West(E)     North(D)    East          South(A)

-                                           42                      -                 -                 -               3NT (1)

2                                                 dbl   (6)      pass (7)      pass (8)    pass





Table A:     (1)  What did you open with this South hand A in this week’s quiz? The hand has 7 playing tricks and really is too strong for a pre-empt, even vulnerable. The hand does actually conform to the rule of 20 for a 1 opener, but the only real opening bid is that chosen at table B.

(2)   I guess this is OK, but 4 seems an attractive alternative.

(3)   North just nudges up the pre-empt. He has defensive values and with partner making a vulnerable pre-empt the opponents may get too high.

(4)   A bit awkward, but with some trepidation East bids his 4-card major.

(5)   5 is what the Law says, but North has no idea that all of South’s points are in ’s and maybe the contract is going down.

Table B:     (1)  This is the answer to question C, the Gambling 3NT describes this hand perfectly.

(6)   What did you bid with this West hand E in this week’s quiz? At table A I said that double at (2) was perhaps OK, but here I do not like it at all as partner is quite likely to pass and the penalty is unlikely to exceed the score for the probable game. I would bid 4, it won’t work all of the time but is the best bet in my opinion.

(7)   What did you bid with this North hand D in this week’s quiz? Thanks to partner’s very descriptive bid you know that the opponents can make 4 easily and that 5 will be a good save. But there is no rush to bid ’s as the opponents may elect to defend 3NT doubled and it’s unlikely that they can run enough tricks to compensate for their vulnerable game. Of course if East does bid 4 then you bid 5.

(8)   East has a difficult decision and decided to pass.


And what happened? 5=, 4=, 3NT*(S)-1. The bottom lines.

-     It’s usually best to bid a good 6 card major rather than double K

-     A 7 card suit headed by AKQ is far too good for a normal pre-empt L

-     The gambling 3NT describes your hand perfectly. Here, had E-W bid to 4 then North would have no trouble finding the 5 save if he knew partner had 7 solid ’s and nothing outside. J

After a reverse                                                     Board 15 from Monday 28th    


Dealer:             ♠ 5                                                 West          North         East(B)     South

South               108753                                       -                 -                 -               pass

N-S vul            J732                                           1              pass           1            pass

                        K86                                           2    (1)      pass           4    (2)    pass

pass (3)      pass

KQ2                   N               AJ10983      

AKJ9             W    E            42                      

A9854                S                K6               (1)  A reverse, forcing for one round.  

2                                          Q53             (2)  What did you bid with this East hand B

764                                            in this week’s quiz? 2 is not forcing but

Q6                                              3 is. However, I don’t see the point of

Q10                                           bidding 3 as this suit is good enough to

AJ10974                                   play in 4 opposite a singleton or void once

partner has shown the strength to reverse.

(3)  West’s excuse for passing was that ‘he thought that 4 meant that partner wanted to play in 4’.


6 is trivial on a non trump lead. On a lead it makes because of the favourable position of the Q. And what happened? 4+2, 4+1 and 6=

The bottom lines.

-         If partner wants to play in game in a suit that you have not shown and you have KQx and a useful singleton, then make an effort. 4NT or 5 at (3) would work.

-         Note the importance of intermediates in this deal; East’s 1098 are very important as he can ruff a (or ) high in order to get an entry to ruff a .

-         In my opinion, 4 is not shut-out like fast arrival, but shows a very good suit (as the sequence 1 - 1 - 2 is not game forcing). It seems that others disagree.



Play Problem


North               South                     You are South, declarer in 6 (or 4) and receive the J lead.

♠ Q5                AK2                   How do you play the suit for just one loser?      

A98              Q10654              Answer below.

AQJ              K963                                   

Q8762         A                                               

Play problem answer                                            Board 24 from Wednesday 30th   


Dealer:             ♠ Q5                                              West          North         East          South

West                A98                                            pass           1   (1)      pass         1

Love all            AQJ                                           pass           1NT           pass         2    (2)

                        Q8762                                       pass           3    (3)      pass         4    (4)

all pass

J1098                 N               7643            

73                   W    E            KJ2              (1)  This is not a great hand for a 1NT opener.

74                       S                10852          (2)  New Minor Forcing, asking for clarification      

KJ953                                  104                    of major suit holdings plus strength.

AK2                                     (3)  3 ’s and max (good 13-14).      

Q10654                                (4)  South considered that a combined 30 count

K963                                         with just a 5-3 fit and a singleton in partner’s

A                                               suit was not good enough for slam (and it would not be if North did not have all the missing honours).


Anyway, whether you are in 4 (try to make 2 over-tricks) or 6 the problem is the same – how do you play the suit for just one loser?

I was South and led the Q which lost to East’s K. I subsequently finessed West for the J and made just 11 tricks for a near bottom. Did I play it right?

East was kind enough to inform me that had I played a to the A then I would have made 12 tricks, I hope that my reply was sarcastic enough for him to appreciate that I did not wish to have his advice on how to play a hand. Another player commented, when asked (so fair enough), that he would not lead the Q as East may have a singleton K but did not say whether he would play low to the 9 or make the actual winning play of rising with the A.

So what is the correct play? I am no play expert but I had read somewhere that the correct play with this type of holding missing the K,J is to start with the queen and play LHO for one honour by finessing twice if necessary, so that’s what I did after some thought. Since there was a suggestion that I had played it incorrectly I put the hand into the play program on the website and it does indeed play the queen. So the cards just lay badly for the best play.

And what happened? 6=, 3NT+3, 4+2, 4+1 and 3NT=. So it appears that three players made the inferior play of a low to the A and thus made 12 tricks.

The bottom lines.

-         Sometimes the best line fails, especially when it is very close like this one.

-         Do not offer unsolicited advice; East’s comment of the obvious made in hindsight by a relatively poor player was not appreciated.


Dave’s Column           Here is Dave’s first problem on the play of the hand.


West                East                              West            North         East          South

KJ102          AQ96                       -                   -                 1NT         pass

AJ75            K4                            3NT             all pass

64                 K32                         

Q103           KJ82                  You are East and partnering a beginner who has not yet      

learnt Stayman. South leads the Q and North plays an encouraging low card. Plan the play.          


Dave’s Column answer                      Board 10 from Wednesday 30th


Dealer:             753                                             Book bidding

East                  Q1083                                        West          North         East            South

both vul            A75                                            -                 -                 1NT           pass

                        A65                                            3NT (1)      all pass


KJ102                N             AQ96           (1)  This is a ridiculous bid, with 2 Stayman

AJ75              W    E          K4                      absolutely obvious. Quite why this problem

64                       S              K32                   is in the book is beyond me (Terry) as nobody

Q103                                 KJ82                  capable of solving it will be in 3NT unless

84                                             partnering a complete beginner.


QJ1098                          Anyway, South leads the Q and East encourages,  

974                                what are your thoughts as declarer?          


Unfortunately you are not in 4, so you must try to make 3NT. You will need to knock out the A even if the Q is onside, so the finesse is irrelevant. If North has the A and ’s are 5-3 with the A in the 5-card suit, you are going down whether or not you take the first trick with the K. If you duck the first trick and South has the A but does not continue ’s you will go down in a cold contract if ’s are 4-4. Against that, if you win the K, you will go down whenever ’s are 5-3 no matter who has the A.

The percentage play is to duck the opening lead, especially as North encouraged and probably has the A. When ’s are 5-3 you might go down an extra trick by ducking if South, with the A, switches, but you are always going down on that lie of the suit. Your bonus for ducking is when North has Axx and has played an x at trick one wanting you to take the K, after which the defensive communications are open to run the rest of the suit.


And what happened at the Pattaya Bridge Club? Everybody has heard of Stayman of course, so 4+1 four times and 4=.





Dave’s 2nd Column       Here is Dave’s 2nd input on the play of the hand.


North               South                           West            North         East          South

AQ7             K854                        -                   -                 -               1NT

K6                A5                            pass             3NT           all pass

QJ8               K107                       

109862        AQ75


You are South, declarer in 3NT in a teams match (overtricks not important). West leads the J and East encourages. Plan the play for your best chance of making the contract without thinking about over tricks.                  





Dave’s 2nd Column answer              Board 11 from Wednesday 30th   


Dealer:             AQ7                                           Book bidding

South               K6                                              West          North         East            South

Love all            QJ8                                             -                 -                 -                 1NT

                        109862                                      pass           3NT           all pass


963                     N             J102              

J10873           W    E          Q942              West leads the J, plan the play at teams scoring

94                       S              A6532            (overtricks not important, be sure of making).         

KJ4                                    3                         






“It was correct for me to go after the clubs” argued South. “East was a favorite to hold one of the missing honours. And if he had both I would score one or two over-tricks”.

Was South’s argument sound, or was he defending his chuck of a makeable game?

At the table, South quickly took dummy’s K and East encouraged the lead. Declarer then ran the 10 to West’s J. A was continued knocking out South’s A. South led a to dummy and led another , but East’s discard brought the bad news. There was no way to recover and South could win only 7 tricks.

South was right about the odds of scoring four or five club winners. But that was not a valid reason for going down at teams or rubber bridge scoring.

To improve his overall chances for at least nine winners, South should investigate possibilities in the suit. The best technique is to win the A at trick one and cash the A at trick two. If a club honour drops he can continue to play on clubs.

When no honour drops, South cashes his K and dummy’s A,Q. Luckily the ’s break 3-3 and he can concede a to ensure nine tricks.

If the ’s don’t break, South will fall back on the club suit, scoring four club winners whenever West did not have both missing honours.

Terry’s Comment. This is a safety play and does not apply to IMPs scoring (i.e. pairs – which we play at the Pattaya bridge club). I played on clubs and went two down, but this is quite correct at IMP scoring. East having one honour is 50% and East having both honours is 25%. So playing on clubs scores 9 tricks (or 10 if ’s are 3-3) ½ of the time and 10 tricks (or 11 if ’s are 3-3) ¼ of the time and will go two down ¼ of the time. The odds at pairs favor playing on clubs and that is what I will do again the next time a similar safety play comes up.


And what happened at the Pattaya Bridge Club? 3NT= twice, 3NT-1 and 3NT-2 twice.


Is it game forcing?                                               Board 23 from Wednesday 30th  


What was you answer to Sequence H this week? The jump rebid by opener is absolutely game forcing and the 3 bid cannot be passed. It appears that two Brits in the club disagree. Now there is no doubt at all in Standard American, but what about those brought up on Acol? Eric Crowhurst is the UK’s acknowledged Acol bidding expert, and on page 151 of his classic “Precision Bidding in Acol” he says ‘A jump in a third suit by opener is forcing to game’.


Dealer:             J975                                           Table A

South               6542                                           West(F)     North         East(C)    South

both vul            A72                                           -                 -                 -               pass

                        K9                                             1              pass           1            pass

3    (1)     pass           3    (2)    pass

Q3                     N               K642                  pass (3)      all pass

AQJ107         W    E            K98                  

KQ108               S                J6                       Table B

Q3                                       AJ84                  West(F)     North         East          South

A108                                          -                 -                 -               pass

3                                                 1              pass           1            pass

9543                                           2    (1)     pass           4  (4)      all pass



Table A:     (1)  What did you bid with this West hand F(a) in this week’s quiz? It’s a nice hand but not good enough for 3, which is game forcing.

(2)   What did you bid with this West hand C in this week’s quiz? This is fine, it often shows doubleton support (but 3 card support is OK) and offers partner the choice of 3NT or 4or looking for slam, which is quite likely if partner really has the 18 or so points shown by his bidding.

(3)   What did you bid with this West hand F(b) in this week’s quiz? Pass is out of the question because the sequence is game forcing; having got in this mess, with a great suit and two doubletons, 4 is best now.

Table B:     (1)  This is the answer to question F(a), there is no need to jump, partner will only pass if he has a miserable hand with very poor ’s and then there is no game.

(4)   This East simply bid what he thought could be made. Quite reasonable.


And what happened? 6-1, 4+1 twice, 3+2 and 3NT=

The bottom lines.

-         A jump rebid by opener is game forcing. This is true in America, England, Scotland and Pattaya.

Bidding Quiz Answers


Hand A:          3NT, gambling. This is a classic example.

Hand B:          4. I don’t expect that everybody will agree with me as 3 is forcing, but I think you should show the solidity of this suit by bidding game directly. This shows a suit robust enough to be trumps opposite a singleton or void and I do not consider it to be shut-out. I am fully aware that most will say 3 is the bid, but that’s the bid I would make with a few more points and a worse suit (so asking for some help in the suit from partner).

Hand C:          You easily have values for game and quite possibly slam. The auction is game forcing so taking it slowly with 3 is probably best. 4 here is a poor bid as it is fast arrival (game forcing sequence) showing a much weaker hand.

Hand D:          Pass. You know that if 3NT* is passed out then you will probably go one down (lose 4 ’s and a assuming that the A is with RHO). But you also know that the opponents can make 4 or maybe even more. But it would be a mistake to run to 4 (pass or correct – it’s just possible that partner has ’s!) now as then the opponents will certainly bid 4; so pass and on a good day LHO will also pass. If he bids 4 then you sacrifice in 5 of course.

Hand E:          4. I much prefer this to double, one reason being that partner may pass and the penalty may not be enough to compensate for the vulnerable game or slam.

Hand F:           (a)  2, it’s not good enough for a game forcing 3.

(b)  4, and hope that partner does not go off slam hunting, believing that you have the 18+ points shown by your 3 jump.


Bidding Sequence Quiz


G     1     1      2     pass      

        2NT                                           2NT here is 18-19, partner has about 6-9.

H     1      pass   1      pass      

        3      pass   3                         3 is game forcing and 3 cannot be passed.


Current club championship standings



Gold Cup = Best 30

Silver Plate = Best 10

Bronze Medal = Best 5











1904.5 Hans Vikman

1900.0 Janne Roos

1865.4 Paul Quodomine

1793.8 Sally Watson

1728.7 Ivy Schlageter

1725.8 Bob Short

1704.3 Paul Scully

678.4 Hans Vikman

674.5 Janne Roos

655.2 Paul Quodomine

633.8 Sally Watson

619.9 Jeremy Watson

619.7 Ivy Schlageter

618.9 Bob Short

615.1 Lars Broman

611.8 Gerard Hardy 

611.8 Derek Tyms

351.7 Hans Vikman

350.6 Janne Roos

336.7 Paul Quodomine

325.3 Ivy Schlageter

324.5 Sally Watson

321.7 Bob Short

321.7 Jeremy Watson

321.0 Per Andersson

316.9 Terje Lie

316.1 Lars Broman


A fair bit of movement this week. We have a new leader, due to Hans’ fine result partnering Paul Scully on Monday. Also, Ivy has joined the Gold Cup race with a jump into 5th position and is closing fast on the Watsons in the Silver.


 Ron Klinger web site