Our website is www.pattayabridge.com                             Club News Sheet – No. 327

Our blogsite is www.pattayabridge.wordpress.com                                 

My home phone is 038 422924 and my mobile number is 083 6066880                       15th Feb 2009

It is best to use my home number to contact me unless I am at the bridge club.

My e-mail is terry@pattayabridge.com or pattayabridge@yahoo.com

My MSN messenger ID is tj_quested@hotmail.com

bridge news sheets to news-sheet main page Bridge conventions No Trump bidding book
Pattaya Bridge Club to Pattaya Bridge home page
recommended bridge books reviewed to bridge book reviews to bridge conventions to No Trump bidding
Bridge CD's and bridge games to bridge CD's and computer games and software  

Mon 9th        N-S     1st  Jeremy & Sally               68%       2nd    Janne & Kerstin                58%

                    E-W     1st   Gerard & Derek             65%       2nd    Gun K & Per-Ake            55%

Wed 11th      N-S     1st  Sean & Kennedy            60%       2nd    Dave & Mike G               58%

                    E-W     1st  Paul Q & Terry Q          60%       2nd    Alain & Fargier                 59%

Fri 13th         N-S     1st  Bengt & Eddie                64%       2nd    Janne & Jean                    62%

                    E-W     1st  Hans V & Kerstin V       62%       2nd    Gerard & Derek               56%

Ron Klinger web site



Bidding Quiz                    Standard American bidding is assumed unless otherwise stated.


Hand A           Hand B           With Hand A RHO opens 1, what do you bid?


K1054          7                                          

Q1087          A                  With Hand B RHO opens 1, what do you bid?

K32              QJ10984                              

A5                AKQ85


Hand C           Hand D           With Hand C it’s vul against not – do you open or pass?


QJ943          8

AQ954         A6532          With Hand D it’s favourable vulnerability. You open 1 and

6                   QJ                LHO doubles. Partner redoubles and RHO bids 2, what do

106              KJ642          you do?


Hand E            Hand F            With Hand E partner opens 1 and RHO doubles.

(a) What do you do? (b) What do you do if RHO had passed?

Q873            97642          

Q109743      A874            With Hand F partner opens 1NT. (a) What do you bid?

64                 AJ104          (b)  Suppose you choose 2 and partner bids 2, what do

8                  -                         you bid now?


Hand G           Hand H           What do you open with Hand G?       


K62              K62             

3                   K                 What do you open with Hand H?

AQJ2            AJ32            

AQ976         KQ976


Bidding Sequence Quiz


J      1      2     2      3         Is 3 forcing?


K     1      2     2      3         What is 4?


L      1     pass   3NT   4         What is 4 and what is the redouble?

dbl     pass   pass    redbl

Bidding the opponent’s suit                                 Board 7 from Monday 9th    


Bidding the opponent’s suit is rarely natural, but some people seem not to understand this...


Dealer:             QJ653                                        West          North         East          South

South               K10832                                      -                 -                 -               pass

both vul            Q9                                              pass (1)      pass (2)      1            pass

                        8                                                3NT           4    (3)      dbl           pass (4)

pass           redbl          pass         4    (5)

AK2                   N               97                      dbl             all pass

Q74                W    E            J                       

10652                 S                AKJ43               

QJ9                                      K10765            





(1)   This flat hand is not worth an opener – knock off a point for the 4333 type shape or apply the rule of 20. Either way it’s a pass.

(2)   Life would have been a lot easier for North if West had opened 1 as he could then bid 2 and there’s an outside chance that his partner may have recognized this as a Michaels cue bid showing both majors.

(3)   North thought that 3NT was making (it did at the other table when it was bid) and so he decided to show his majors.

(4)   When asked, South said that he had no idea what 4 was.

(5)   South again had no clue what the redouble was, but after an agonizing two minutes or so he decided to bid.


And what happened? South’s play was on a par with his bidding. He took absolutely no notice of who had bid NoTrumps and no notice of who had doubled. When he got in he should obviously lead the A and then finesse the Q when the J falls (restricted choice – plus indications from the bidding that West has Qxx). Instead he played to the K and the resultant 800 away was a total bottom. Had he played the ’s the obvious way then 500 away would have been a 2nd top.

The bottom lines: -

-         Take inferences from the opponent’s bidding and play accordingly.

-         At least this South was consistent – he had no clue during the bidding, and no clue during the play.


Don’t bid after partner redoubles                       Board 2 from Monday 9th    


When you open, LHO doubles and partner redoubles, it’s usually best to pass a bid from RHO in order to give partner a chance to double for penalties. Nothing is lost as this pass is forcing.


Dealer:             AQ9                                           West          North         East(D)    South(A)

East                  4                                                 -                 -                 1            dbl   (1)

N-S vul            87654                                         redbl  (2)    2    (3)     3   (4)    pass (5)

                        10987                                        3              all pass


J7632                 N               8                       

KJ9                W    E            A6532              

A109                  S                QJ                      

Q3                                       KJ642               





(1)   What did you bid with this South hand A in this week’s quiz? How many times do I have to say it – a take out double should be short in the suit bid and playable in the other three suits. Doubling with 4 ’s is totally ridiculous, South’s excuse was that he has 4 ’s.

(2)   Showing the balance of power and often looking for a penalty, and at this vulnerability that should have worked out fine.

(3)   Showing a 5-card suit, with no 5-carder North should pass and leave it to partner; that is if you want to leave anything to this particular partner.

(4)   What did you bid with this East hand D in this week’s quiz? There is absolutely no need to bid and 3 is an overbid anyway. Pass is forcing and that’s what East should do – wait and see what happens, N-S may be in a lot of trouble (they were).

(5)   We will never know what this intrepid South would have done had East passed. It would not surprise me if he bid his glorious suit.


And what happened? South got away with his appalling double - 2* or 2* would have been disasters. Note that at this vulnerability West would possibly double 2 (and certainly 2) for penalties. Anyway, South got away with it and East mis-played the hand as he did not know that this particular South was capable of making a take-out double when holding four trumps. Take it from me, this South is capable of anything – including raising partner’s splinter bid to the six-level (see next article).

The bottom lines: -

-         A take-out double should be short in the suit bid and playable in the other three suits (or else very strong).

-         So obviously a double of 1 should normally be playable in ’s and often have 4 ’s – but that does not mean that you should double 1 just because you have 4 ’s!


Raising partner’s splinter!                                  Board 12 from Monday 9th    


It’s not usually a good idea to raise partner’s splinter bid, especially to the six level!


Dealer:             QJ943                                        West          North(C)    East          South

West                AQ954                                       -                 1    (1)      2           2

N-S vul            6                                                3             4    (2)      pass         4NT (3)

                        106                                            5             pass (4)      pass         6    (5)

pass           6    (6)      all pass

86                       N               A1072              

7                     W    E            2                       

Q10872              S                95                      

AJ542                                  KQ9873           





(1)   Did you open with this North hand C in this week’s quiz? It’s only 19 for the rule of 20 but with all of the points in the long suits and an easy rebid, I think that 1 is fine.

(2)   A splinter agreeing ’s.

(3)   Bidding Blackwood with a void! – our intrepid South from the previous two articles is up to his tricks again! 5 is the best bid whether you play it as a cue bid or Exclusion RKCB.

(4)   One keycard (for ’s) playing DOPI.

(5)   With no idea what’s going on, South raised partner splinter to slam!

(6)   Fortunately there was no harm done.


And what happened? Virtually everybody was in 6 making.

The bottom lines: -

-         A splinter is an unnecessary jump – generally one above the natural forcing bid, and it can be made by either opener or responder.

-         As 3 at (2) would undoubtedly be natural and forcing, 4 is very clearly a splinter agreeing ’s.


Another one bites the dust.


This is the last time that this particular South from the previous three articles will be written up. He is rude to partners and disliked at the club. On Friday he called his partner a ‘prat’ and Dave suggested that he be banned from the club if he does not come with a pre-arranged partner. I agreed and he was duly informed of his rights. Bad manners will not be tolerated at our club.


Dave’s Column           Here is Dave’s input about the play of the hand.


North               South               You are South, declarer in 5 after East has opened 1 and

QJ43            7                   West bid ’s and later supported ’s. The 7 is led to the

Q1083          A                  8, 9 and A. How should South continue?

K62              QJ10984                              

104              AKQ85

Dave’s Column answer                      Board 10 from Wednesday 4th


Dealer:             QJ43                                          West          North         East            South(B)

East                  Q1083                                        -                 -                 1              dbl   (1)

both vul            K62                                           1              dbl   (2)      2              3

                        104                                            3              4              pass           5

all pass

A109652            N             K8                       

75                   W    E          KJ9642          (1)  This is the bidding from the book, but what

3                         S              A75                      did you bid with this South hand B in this

J973                                   62                        week’s quiz? I play that 2NT (Unusual) is   

                        7                                                 either weak or very strong. This 3 loser hand

A                                               is very strong and so I would bid 2NT and

QJ10984                                    then bid ’s later.

AKQ85                                (2)  Dave’s book says that this shows ’s (in

order to expose a psyche by West). It is normally a responsive double – showing the two unbid suits.


West led the 7, South has to lose the A and A and wanted to cater for a 4-3 break in ’s. He played the Q at trick two which was ducked. He cannot continue with a 2nd trump as then a 3rd trump would remove dummy’s ability to ruff a if necessary. So he led the AK and ruffed a third round with the K. East overruffed and led the 8 to West’s A and overruffed dummy again on the return. Unlucky?...

or what did declarer do wrong?

To guard against the possibility of East scoring two ruffs, South should play a at trick two (a scissors coup). Later, after a top trump from hand, South can play the AK and ruff a third round with the K. The ’s are set up and there is no way now way now for East to score a 2nd ruff.

And what happened at the Pattaya Bridge Club? 5*= and 5= twice. I have no idea if anybody actually found the scissors soup – I suspect that East simply played the A on the first round of trumps. The other 6 N-S’s did not bid to 5, which should be easy to bid had South started with 2NT (UNT) and then a bid.

The bottom lines: -

-         The UNT (and Michaels Cue Bids) are best played as either pre-emptive or very strong and this South hand, with 10 playing tricks, qualifies for the latter.



Dave’s 2nd Column   Here is Dave’s 2nd input about the play of the hand.


Dealer:             QJ10                                          West          North         East            South

West                873                                             1    (1)      pass           2NT (2)      pass

N-S vul            A963                                          3    (3)      pass           4♠    (4)      all pass


You are North, defending 4 after West has shown

                              N             8763               a singleton . You lead the Q which declarer

                          W    E          K4                  wins with the A and cashes the K upon which

                              S              KQ82            South discards the Q. Declarer then plays his

                                              KJ10              known singleton , plan the defence.
Dave’s 2nd Column answer              Board 12 from Wednesday 4th


Dealer:             QJ10                                          West          North         East            South

West                873                                             1    (1)      pass           2NT (2)      pass

N-S vul            A963                                          3    (3)      pass           4♠    (4)      all pass



AK942               N             8763               (1)  Conforming with the rule of 20, this      

A52                W    E          K4                       opening is fine.

7                         S              KQ82            (2)  Jacoby 2NT, I personally prefer a much 

9754                                  KJ10                    stronger hand to use Jacoby 2NT.

                        5                                           (3)  shortage.

QJ1096                               (4)  Not what I wanted to hear.




So you are North after two rounds of trumps and declarer leading his singteton , what do you do?

You win the A, partner playing the 5. Cash the 10 (or not). Then if you…

a)      play a and play low on declarer’s later play, he will misguess the suit.

b)      play a and declarer will play the K and make the contract.


How do you know this? Think about the hand from declarer’s point of view:

South signalled a strong holding in ’s - AQJ10x or QJ10xx. The vulnerable Kx is in plain view and, especially if you have cashed the 10, it would be normal for you to play East for two tricks to defeat the contract. If you don’t lead a now declarer will deduce that you know that South cannot have the A because you (North) hold the A and there cannot be enough points left for declarer if he was missing both aces. And so, if you do anything but lead a now, a competent declarer will always guess the ’s correctly.


And what happened at the Pattaya Bridge Club? 4 was bid six times and made on five occasions. The three players who stopped in 3 all made the contract exactly.


The 2009 Championship Standings


The only change this week is Sally jumping right up there fighting it out with the big boys.



Gold Cup = Best 30

Silver Plate = Best 10

Bronze Medal = Best 5













613.3 Janne Roos

606.4 Hans Vikman

589.9 Sally Watson

574.4 Bob Short

571.7 Johan Bratsberg


321.3 Hans Vikman

320.6 Janne Roos

312.0 Sally Watson

305.0 Derek & Gerard

301.8 Bob Short

298.7 Paul Quodomine

297.8 Johan Bratsberg

296.1 Lars Broman

293.5 Lewis Berg

293.5 Gene Moats

293.5 Paul Scully

Upgrade a good 5-card suit                                 Board 25 from Wednesday 11th    


Dealer:             Q72                                            Table A

West                K863                                         West          North         East          South(E)

E-W vul           98                                              pass           pass           pass         1    (1)

                        9862                                          pass           1      (2)    pass         2NT (3)

pass           pass           pass

K62                    N               J854                 

J754               W    E            Q109                 Table B

A107                  S                643                    West          North         East          South(E)

J103                                     A54                    pass           pass           pass         1    (1)

                        A109                                          pass           pass   (2)    pass        


KQJ52                                      Table C

KQ7                                          West          North         East          South(E)

                                                                              pass           pass           pass         2NT (1)

pass           3   (4)      pass         3

pass           3NT           all pass

Table A:     (1)  What did you open with this South hand E in this week’s quiz? It appears that 4 out of 8 South’s opened 1. I prefer the opening at Table C.

(2)   Presumably playing better minor, 3 out of 4 felt that they had to bid here.

(3)   A balanced 18-19, totally consistent with the opening bid chosen. 3NT is wrong here as that would show a much better suit.

Table B:     (2)  With insufficient points for a response, just this one North elected to pass.

Table C:     (1)  Now this is the correct opening and the answer to question E. 2NT is 20-21, and with this great suit that is what this hand is worth. Note also that the A109 is worth much more than Axx!, so about 4½ points.

(4)   North has enough to go to game opposite a 2NT opener and obviously tries Stayman first


And what happened? The Four pairs that started with a 2NT opening reached the cold game to share the top. The other 4 scores were spurious contracts fighting over the four bottom spots. The bottom lines: -

-         KQJxx is NOT 6 points, it is worth 7 or 8.

-         Understand hand evaluation:

KQJ is a poorish holding, worth about 5½ points

KQJx is a good holding, worth 6+ points

KQJxx is a great holding, worth 7-8 points

-         Points belong in long suits, and ‘touching honours’ are a great plus despite what a certain Frenchman may say.

-         Three touching honours are really great in a 5+ card suit in every country except France?


Opening Lead Problem                    


A94                  West            North           East            South

A865                pass             pass             1NT           pass            

Q1087             2               pass             2              all pass      


                            You are South, what do you lead?

Open 1NT with a singleton?                                        Board 24 from Friday 13th    


Dealer:             J105                                           Table A

West                J2                                               West(E)     North         East(H)    South

Love all            K95                                            pass           pass           1   (1)    dbl   (2)

                        J10542                                       2    (3)      all pass


Q873                  N               K62                   Table B

Q109743        W    E            K                       West          North         East(H)    South

64                       S                AJ32                  pass           pass           1NT (1)    pass (4)

8                                          KQ976              2              pass           2            pass

                        A94                                            pass           pass          





Table A:     (1)  What did you open with this East hand H in this week’s quiz? This 1 seems fairly obvious, with possibly a reverse into 2 to follow; but it would be much nicer if the 3 points in ’s were in the minors (as hand G).

(2)   Double is quite reasonable here, short in ’s and playable on the other 3 suits.

(3)   What did you bid with this West hand E(a) in this week’s quiz? This 2 is best, it is weak - the only strong bid being redouble or (inverted?) Jordan.

Table B:     (2)  With Hand G a 1 opening is obvious, but this Hand H with the K is a bit more NoTrump orientated and 1NT is a very reasonable option. Note that a 1NT opening is now allowed with a singleton if it is an ace or a king.

(4)   South does not have a shapely enough hand to enter the auction over a 1NT opening.


And what happened? 2 was a popular and top spot (5 times), making +2 twice, +1 twice and = once. And I note that it was played by East on two occasions, so obviously another player also opened 1NT.

The bottom lines: -

-         Opening 1NT with a singleton is not allowed unless it’s a singleton ace or king.

-         1NT overcalls or 2NT bids have no restrictions on shortage.

-         Playing Jordan 2NT, 3 by West at (3) is weak with ’s and 2NT shows a good raise. Some play it the other way round, see Inverted Jordan over a Minor on the Website.


Opening Lead Answer


Anyway, to answer the opening lead problem on the previous page, RHO is 15-17 and so LHO and Partner have only about 10 points between them. In my opinion leading either of the black aces is foolish. You hope not to give a trick away on the opening lead and I believe that there are only two sensible options. A passive low trump or a – in the hope that partner has the K or J; I personally would lead a low trump. The A may work out well if partner has the K but that is way below the odds; and note also that there is no need to rush to try to get a ruff – you always have the A (and the A) to get the lead later and can then try the A if it seems the sensible thing to do. At my table (I was one of the East’s who opened 1NT of course) South led the A which led to two overtricks. Bad lead or just bad luck?


5-4 in the majors opposite 1NT                           Board 28 from Friday 13th    


Dealer:             J102                                           Table A

West                Q1062                                        West          North         East(F)     South

N-S vul            97                                              1NT           pass           2   (1)    dbl

                        AJ95                                          2    (2)      pass           2    (3)    all pass


AQ5                   N               97642                Table B

KJ9                W    E            A874                  West          North         East(F)     South

KQ432               S                AJ104                1NT           pass           2   (1)    dbl

Q3                                       -                         2    (2)      pass           3    (3)    pass

                        K8                                              4              all pass                      





Table A:     (1)  What did you open with this East hand F(a) in this week’s quiz? This is up to partner ship agreement, but most bid Stayman and then jump in a major to show a game forcing 5-4 (or 4-5) in the majors. You could transfer with 2 and then bid 3 but most advanced players play that as showing 5-5 in the majors.

(2)   Showing no 4-card major, but also indicating a 4+ card suit (pass otherwise).

(3)   What did you bid with this East hand F(b) in this week’s quiz? This 2 bid is wrong – it is a weak bid and with a void in the suit that LHO has shown this hand is surely worth a game force (it’s worth game even without the double).

Table B:     (3)  This is one answer to question F(b). E-W play the Smolen convention and 3 here shows 5 ’s and 4 ’s and asks partner to choose between 3NT and 4. If you play natural methods then 3 is natural and forcing here, showing 5 ’s and 4 ’s.


And what happened? One pair reached 6 (well done). I cannot see how this can reasonably be bid after a 1NT opening; minor suit slams are notoriously difficult to find after a 1NT opening – especially if responder has a 4 card major and so starts with Stayman. 4 +1 was the popular result.

The bottom lines: -

-         After 1NT - pass - 2 - dbl then opener has many options: -

1.      bid a 4 card major if you have one.

2.      redouble with a good holding

3.      bid 2 with no 4-card major but a good suit.

4.      pass with no 4-card major or ’s and not good ’s.

-     The Smolen Convention is one of my pet hates; it uses up (wastes) bundles of bidding space. A far better convention is Quest transfers, which cater for all Smolen type hands (game forcing) and also cater for both invitational 5-4’s in the majors opposite a 1NT opening. And Quest also has the advantage that if responder is looking for slam, the cue bidding starts a round earlier and he also knows that opener in non-minimum in that scenario.

Bidding Quiz Answers


Hand A:    Pass. Double is a terrible bid with 4 ’s.

Hand B:    2NT, the Unusual 2NT showing both minors here. I play that the UNT is usually weak but can be very strong (as here). So bid 2NT to get your suits in and then bid ’s later to show your strength and shape.

Hand C:    1. It’s only 19 for the rule of 20 but all of the points are in the long suits and you have an easy rebid. Of course I won’t argue if you decide to pass, but you may not get a chance to show this hand at this vulnerability at a later stage in the auction if it gets too high (as it may well do with shapely hands around).

Hand D:    Pass. This is forcing and you should give partner the chance to go for the vulnerable penalty. 3 is also wrong in that it is an overbid – partner has only promised 9 points and usually with no fit.

Hand E:    (a)  2, weak.

(b)  2, weak, provided that you play weak jump shifts. Otherwise pass.

Hand F:     (a)  2, Stayman. Transfer and then bid ’s is best left for 5-5 hands.

(b)   3, showing 5 ’s, 4 ’s and game forcing. If you play the Smolen convention

(or the superior Quest Transfers) then the conventional bid is 3.

Hand G:    1. You can always reverse into ’s next go to show your strength.

Hand H:    1 or 1NT. With the singleton being a king it’s tempting to open 1NT and this is quite legal these days (singleton ace or king is allowed). This 1NT opening was in fact chosen by two players on Friday.



Bidding Sequence Answers


J      1      2     2      3         3 is obviously natural and forcing…


K     1      2     2      3         … and so 4 is a splinter agreeing ’s and showing shortage.

4                                             In both of these cases the opponents’ bids are irrelevant.

L      1      pass   3NT   4        4 must surely be asking partner to bid a major, and the

dbl     pass   pass    redbl       redouble is asking partner to wake up and bid a major.


 Ron Klinger web site