Our website is www.pattayabridge.com                             Club News Sheet – No. 311

Our blogsite is www.pattayabridge.wordpress.com                                 

My home phone is 038 422924 and my mobile number is 083 6066880              26th Oct 2008

It is best to use my home number to contact me unless I am at the bridge club.

My e-mail is terry@pattayabridge.com or pattayabridge@yahoo.com

My MSN messenger ID is tj_quested@hotmail.com

Mon 20th                  1st  Hans V & Alan           59%           2nd Gerry & Dave                    58%

Wed 22nd     N-S     1st  Lewis & Paul Q          64%           2nd Lars & Richard M              58%

                    E-W     1st   Michael S & Peter      62%           2ndIan & Keneth                      52%

Fri 24th        N-S      1st  Hans & Sally              65%           2nd Alain & Jean-Charles          59%

                    E-W     1st   Bob S & Gerard         56%           2nd Lewis & Paul Q                 55%

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Bidding Quiz                    Standard American bidding is assumed unless otherwise stated.


Hand A           Hand B           With Hand A it’s everybody vulnerable, partner opens 1 and

RHO overcalls 2, what do you bid?

975               532            

AKJ             AQ2             With Hand B RHO opens 1. You double and partner bids 2,

AJ1074         AKQ            what do you bid now?

87                AKQ2


Hand C           Hand D           What do you open with Hand C?


A54              K10                                     

1032             Q10985        With Hand D you open 1 and LHO overcalls 2. This is

A108            Q9                passed round to you, what do you do?

AK106         AQ43


Hand E            Hand F            What do you open with Hand E?


A                  A64           

10832           AK               What do you open with Hand F?

7542             532

AK42           J9532


Hand G           Hand H           With Hand G partner opens 1 and RHO doubles, what do

you bid?          

965               8

K107            AQ86          

Q54              AKJ1032     With Hand H RHO opens 1 and you double. LHO bids 2

AQ94           K5               and RHO bids 2, what do you do now?


Bidding Sequence Quiz


J      1     1      dbl     pass       Double is negative, what is 3?


K     1      dbl     2                   How strong is 2? Is it weak, invitational or forcing?

L      1      dbl     2     pass      

2      dbl                             What is the 2nd double – penalties or take-out.


The Club Championships

Here are the latest standings in the club competitions. There’s not much movement this week but Sally has finally pulled away from Jeremy in the Silver competition and overtaken Dave. Expect a bit more activity in the Gold Cup next week as Lewis needs just one more qualifying result, and he does not have the handicap of playing with me next Wednesday.



Gold Cup = Best 30

Silver Plate = Best 10

Bronze Medal = Best 5













1870.8 Hans Vikman

1839.8 Dave Cutler

1831.9 Sally Watson

1797.4 Bob Pelletier

1794.2 Janne Roos

1782.5 Ivy Schlageter

1727.5 Jan v Koss


672.7 Hans Vikman

663.6 Sally Watson

661.8 Dave Cutler

661.1 Jeremy Watson

647.2 Lewis Berg

643.4 Lars Gustafsson

642.7 Ivy Schlageter

636.4 Janne Roos

636.1 Bob Pelletier

634.3 Derek & Gerard



347.2 Hans Vikman

342.3 Dave Cutler

341.1 Jeremy Watson

341.1 Sally Watson

336.9 Lars Gustafsson

335.3 Ivy Schlageter

334.0 Lewis Berg 

328.5 Derek & Gerard

327.4 Tomas Wikman

326.2 Bob Pelletier




That 4333 shape again – part 1 Board 26 from Monday 20th


Dealer:             J3                                               Table A

North               AK986                                       West          North         East          South(C)

both vul            Q64                                           -                 -                 pass         1   (1)

                        Q43                                           pass           1              pass         1NT

pass           3NT   (2)    all pass

KQ106               N             9872                    

Q                    W    E          J754                    Table B

K9752                S              J3                         West          North         East          South(C)

852                                    J97                       -                 -                 pass         1NT (1)

                        A54                                            pass           2              pass         2

1032                                          pass           3NT           pass           4    (3)




Table A:     (1)  What did you open with this West hand C in this week’s quiz? Now this South knows all about deducting a point for 4333, but the three tens are ample compensation and I would open 1NT.

(2)  I would look for a 5-3 fit with 2 (Checkback Stayman) or 2 (New Minor Forcing) if you play either of these conventions.

Table B:     (1)  This South chose 1NT.

(3)  With this flat hand and all of the points outside ’s, it’s a close call whether to pass or bid 4.


And what happened? Three chose 4, three chose 3NT. 4 made a trick more.

The bottom lines: -

-     Deduct for 4333, but add on for tens and good intermediates.

That 4333 shape again – part 2 Board 10 from Friday 24th


Dealer:             Q7                                              Table A

East                  10853                                         West(B)     North         East          South

both vul            875                                             -                 -                 pass         1

                        J965                                           dbl             pass           2            pass

2    (1)      pass           3    (2)    pass

532                     N             1096                     5    (3)      all pass

AQ2               W    E          964                     

AKQ                  S              10964                  Table B

AKQ2                                1087                    West(B)     North         East          South

                        AKJ84                                        -                 -                 pass         1

KJ7                                           dbl             pass           2            pass

J32                                             pass (1)      pass          



Table A:     (1)  What did you bid with this West hand B in this week’s quiz? If partner has a stop then 3NT may well make on a lead, and this 2 bid was the popular choice at the club.

(2)  There were various bids here: 3, 3 and 3.

(3)   I would pass this – 11 tricks seems remote as there may be no entry to partner’s hand.

Table B:     (1)  This West thought a little more deeply here; RHO has say 13 points and that leaves just three points between LHO and partner. Partner is unlikely to have a stop and 2 may well be the limit on the hand, especially as partner probably has no entry.


And what happened? 2 made +1 for the E-W top. Two E-W’s managed to stop in 1NT (seems impossible to me). One West stopped in 4(-1) and every other West zoomed off to game going down by various numbers. The bottom lines: -

-         24 points will not make game opposite zero if you have no shape. This 3334 is terrible.

-         Downgrade a hand with 4333 type shape – it sucks. 4432 type is far superior.

-         Don’t listen to people who claim to be international experts and say that 4333 is fine – it’s the worst shape possible. The problem for West with this deal is that there is no ruffing potential – both hands are 4333 type with no doubleton in sight. Just imagine either the East or West East hand with a small moved to the three-card minor suit, so 2344, 3 then makes +1 against reasonable splits. I guess it’s yet another example of ‘deduct a point for 4333’?


Open with three quick tricks? – part 1               Board 3 from Monday 20th


Some players believe in opening any hand with three quick tricks. Others past the stone-age era (like me) prefer the rule of 20.


Dealer:             Q76542                                      West(E)     North         East          South

South               QJ965                                        -                 -                 -               pass

E-W vul           Q10                                           1   (1)      2   (2)      pass         2

                        -                                                 pass           pass           3    (3)    pass

3NT     all pass

A                        N             J103              

10832             W    E          K                    (1)  Did you open with this West hand E in 

7542                   S              AKJ8                    this week’s quiz? It does not conform

AK42                                 109763                with the rule of 20 and I would pass. If 

                        K98                                            the singleton was a small card and the ace

A74                                           in a red suit then 1 would be reasonable.

963                                      (2)  Michaels, showing both majors.

QJ85                                    (3)  Asking for a stop.


And what happened? North led the Q and accurate defence set the contract by two tricks for a joint top to N-S.

The bottom lines: -

-         Obey the rule of 20 for 1st or 2nd seat openings.

-         It’s up to you if you think that any hand with three quick tricks is worth an opening, I don’t think that this West hand is because an ace is singleton.

-         A singleton ace is a bad holding – points belong in long suits.


Open with three quick tricks? – part 2               Board 12 from Wednesday 22nd    


Dealer:             A64                                            Table A

East                  AK                                             West          North(F)    East          South

Both vul            532                                            pass           1   (1)      pass         1    (2)

                        J9532                                         pass           1NT pass           3NT (3)


QJ109                N             K8752                  Table B

J652               W    E          10973                   West          North(F)    East          South

K96                   S              104                     pass           pass (1)      pass         1

K7                                     108                       pass           2             pass         5   (4)

                        3                                                 pass           6NT (5)     all pass





Table A:     (1)  What did you open with this North hand F in this week’s quiz? It has 12 points and three top tricks; it also conforms with the rule of 20. But I would pass! Why? AK doubleton is not worth 7 points – points belong in long suits and this long suit is terrible. Also, one very experienced club member, an advocate of the Losing Trick Count, noted that it is an 8 loser hand and does not qualify for an opener by UK standards where the LTC is fairly popular.

(2)   This is best, a 3 splinter is not a good bid opposite a opener that may be short.

(3)   A bit of a gamble, but it’s reasonable - a 50-50 game.

Table B:     (1)  This North correctly chose to pass with Hand F.

(4)   This South is relatively inexperienced and just bid what he thought he could make (he was right!). An alternative is a 3 splinter - 2 is natural and forcing, so 3 is a splinter agreeing partner’s last suit.

(5)   With nothing to spare for his initial 2 response, pass seems very clear.


And what happened? 6NT-1, 3NT-2, 3NT-1, 5*= and various spurious results. Nobody played in ’s, 5 is cold and 6 only needs one minor suit king onside, so it’s 75% but goes down here.

The bottom lines: -

(a)    Three top tricks does not necessarily mean an opening hand – that is an old-fashioned notion dating back to the Goren era.

(b)   AK doubleton is not worth 7 points.

(c)    J9532 is not a good 5-card suit.

(d)   The rule of 20 is excellent, but you have to take factors like (b) and (c) into account and adjust accordingly.


The automatic re-opening double                        Board 26 from Monday 20th


Dealer:             J86432                                       Table A

North               64                                               West(A)     North         East(D)    South

both vul            6                                                 -                 -                 1            2    (1)

                        J1096                                         pass (2)      pass           dbl   (3)    pass

pass (4)      pass   (5)

975                     N             K10                     

AKJ               W    E          Q10985               Table B

AJ1074               S              Q9                        West(A)     North         East(D)    South

87                                      AQ43                   -                 -                 1            pass (1)

                        AQ                                             2              pass           2NT pass

732                                            4              all pass




Table A:     (1)  A very dubious overcall, especially at the two level – this suit is simply not good enough.

                  (2)  What did you bid with this West hand A in this week’s quiz? This pass is spot on provided that partner understands negative doubles, and in particular the need for the ‘automatic’ re-opening double.

(3)  What did you bid with this East hand Din this week’s quiz? Double here is automatic with very few exceptions.

(4)   Passing for penalties, as planned at (2).

(5)   North could have tried 2.

Table B:     (1)  South sensibly passed.


And what happened? 2* went -5 for 1400. Every other E-W played in 4; -2 once, -1 three times and = once.

The bottom lines: -

-         Do not overcall at the two-level, vulnerable, with a suit as bad as Kxxxx

-         Remember the penalty pass and automatic re-opening double when playing negative doubles.

-         The automatic re-opening double (and when not to double) are explained on the website:

Conventions > Negative doubles.



Dave’s Column           Here is Dave’s input involving involving a defensive play


Dealer:             54                                               West          North         East            South

East                  Q962                                          -                 -                pass           pass

Both vul            63                                              1             pass           1              pass

                        Q9852                                       2              pass           4              all pass


J1076                 N                 You are North and partner leads the A. How do you plan the

J83               W      E              defence? Before turning the page, with which card would you

AQJ109             S                  signal at trick one?

A                                            Let’s say that partner continues with the K and a 3rd to your Q, all following. How should you proceed?


Dave’s Column answer                      Board 10 from Wednesday 15th  


Dealer:             54                                               West          North         East            South

East                  Q962                                          -                 -                 pass           pass

Both vul            63                                              1             pass           1              pass

                        Q9852                                       2              pass           4              all pass


J1076                 N             AK982           South leads the A. How do you plan the defence

J83               W      E          1075               as North? Before reading on, with which card

AQJ109             S              K7                 would you signal at trick one?

A                                        K104             Let’s say that partner continues with the K and

                        Q3                                        a 3rd to your Q, all following.        

AK4                                    How should you proceed?




First you (North) should realize that there is no point in partner shifting to another suit at trick two, so get him to continue ’s by signalling as enthusiastically as possible with the 9 (or 2 if you play low to encourage).

South cashes the K and plays a 3rd to your Q. What now?

Since it is clear that your side cannot win a minor suit trick you need a trump winner. Lead the 13th . Here that promotes South’s Q as the setting trick.

When you have taken all possible side-suit tricks, you can give a ruff-and-sluff. It cannot cost but might gain via a straight trump promotion or after an uppercut.

And what happened at the Pattaya Bridge Club? All seven East’s were in 4 but only two defenders found the defence to set the contract. Well done Paul Q and Jean-Charles.


Bad manners                                                        Board 20 from Friday 24th


A player walked away from the table after the bidding and before the play on Friday because he thought that his partner had mad a bad bid. This is disgraceful behavior - the director was obliged to play the hand for him. The problem would appear to be that this particular player cannot get a decent partner – no wonder with an attitude problem like that! Anything similar again then he will get suspended, so no further problems.


Dealer:             J43                                             West(G)     North         East          South(H)

West                J54                                             pass           pass           1    (1)    dbl

Both vul            976                                            2   (2)      pass           2    (3)    dbl   (4)

                        J632                                           pass           pass (5)      pass


965                     N             AKQ1072      (1)  Looks more like a vulnerable 2 opener to me.

K107              W    E          932                 (2)  What did you bid with this West hand G in

Q54                    S              8                          this week’s quiz? This 2 bid is totally wrong.

AQ94                                 1087                    2 here shows a weak hand with long ’s!

                        8                                                 The sensible bids are redouble or Jordan 2NT.

AQ86                                  (3)  Pass is reasonable – but then I expect my

AKJ1032                                   partners to know what they are doing.

K5                                       (4)  What did you bid with this South hand H in

                                                      this week’s quiz? I don’t like this 2nd double

and would simply bid 3. The main reason being that if partner is 3-3 or 3-2 in the reds he will bid ’s and you want to play in ’s.

(5)  North thought that the 2nd double was penalties.


And what happened? South left the table in disgust after the bidding – absolutely disgraceful behavior. I expect him to apologize to me and everybody else at the table if/when he has the gall to show up at the club again. Of course North should not have passed – but the problem was initiated by South’s poor bid at (4).

The bottom lines: -

-         Walk away from the table during a hand and you risk being suspended from the club.

-         Bad manners WILL NOT be tolerated.

-         Look at your own bidding before jumping on partner.

-         A two-level bid after partner opens and RHO doubles is long, weak and non-forcing.


It is interesting to note that this South is the same player (then North) who pulled his partner’s 5 contract that makes into a hopeless 6NT - see “Open with three quick tricks? – part 2”. His partner did not leave the table after North’s ridiculous 6NT bid.


Fourth Suit Forcing


Fourth suit forcing needs alerting. I mention this because it came up a couple of times this week:


1.      First of all there was the sequence 1 - 1 - 1 - 1.

This was by an established pair, the 1 bid was not alerted and it turned out to be a non-existent suit. Established pairs need to have this basic sequence understood.

Various pairs play it differently, my recommendation is the most common:

1 - 1 - 1 - 1 is natural and forcing, just as if it had gone 1 - 1.

1 - 1 - 1 - 2 is 4th suit forcing, and I like to play it as game forcing.

Regular pairs may play it however they wish, but a 4th suit forcing bid needs alerting.


2.      Playing two-over-one: The sequence 1 - 2 - 3 - 3

      In my opinion this 3 bid is 4th suit forcing; 4th suit forcing also applies even if the sequence is already game forcing. It is not necessarily natural and asks partner to describe his hand further - in particular if he has a stop. It needs alerting.


3.      4th suit forcing only applies after 3 natural bids: for example  2 - 2 - 2 - 3

2 is artificial and strong, 2 was a natural positive and 2 natural. 3 here is natural as it is just the third real suit bid. It is not 4th suit forcing.


I will not be so lenient in future if established pairs fail to alert 4th suit forcing and I get a complaint from the opponents.

Bidding Quiz Answers


Hand A:    Pass, and pass partner’s subsequent double.

Hand B:     Pass! Yes, one player did pass and got a top. 2 was the popular choice but partner is unlikely to have a stop and you have terrible shape (the worst possible). With any other shape (say 2344) then making a further effort is very reasonable and there may be a or NT game. Lacking a small 4th , game seems remote, you need an entry to partner’s hand to take the finesse.

Hand C:    1NT. It’s true that it’s 4333 (bad) but the three tens are more than adequate compensation.

Hand D:    Double, automatic when playing negative doubles.

Hand E:     Pass, it does not conform with the rule of 20 and a singleton ace is not an asset (high cards belong in long suits). Some believe that you should open any hand with three quick tricks, and if the A was in a red suit and the a small singleton then that would be reasonable; but not this actual hand with a singleton ace.

Hand F:     Pass. This hand does actually conform with the rule of 20 but AK doubleton is not worth 7 points – points belong in long suits. Brits may also note that the hand has 8 losers and is not an opening if you are a believer in the Losing Trick Count.

Hand G:    Either redouble (9+) or Jordan 2NT (sound raise to 3 or better). 2 is wrong as that is a weak bid after RHO doubles, as is any raise.

Hand H:    3. You have a 6-card suit, so bid it. I do not like a 2nd double because you do not want to play in a 4-3 fit if you have a 6-3 or 6-2 fit.


Bidding Sequence Quiz Answers


J      1     1      dbl     pass       This depends upon how you play you negative doubles.

3                                       If you play that a negative double promises the two unbid

suits then the bid shows a good hand with support. If you play that a negative double simply promises the unbid major (as I do) then 3 is a splinter agreeing ’s (2 would be a natural forcing reverse).

K     1      dbl     2                   2 is weakish and non-forcing, promising a long suit.

L      1      dbl     2     pass      

2      dbl                             The 2nd dbl is take-out, asking partner to bid a red suit.


 Ron Klinger web site