Club News Sheet Ė No. 241†††††††17th June 2007

My home phone is 038 422924 and my mobile number is 086 6089887

It is best to use my home number to contact me unless I am at the bridge club.

My e-mail is or

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Mon 11th 1stJanne & Per-Ake†††††††††††††† 59%†††††††††† 2nd †† Kenneth & Phil†††††††††††††††††††††††† 54%

Wed 13th 1st Terry & Dave†††††††††††††††††††† 60%†††††††††† 2nd †† Janne & Per-Ake†††††††††††††††††††† 57%

Fri 15th 1stPhil & Philip†††††††††††††††††††††† 63%†††† ††† 2nd †† Eddie & Robbie†††††††††††††††††††††† 62%††


Bidding Quiz†††††††††††††† †††† †††††† Standard American is assumed unless otherwise stated.


Hand A†††††††††† Hand B†††††††††† With Hand A you open 1 and partner responds 2, what do

you bid?

A54††††††††††††† 43

KJ1052††††††† A1032††††††††† With Hand B LHO opens a weak 2 and partner bids 2NT,

A10942††††††† 109†††††††††††††† what do you bid?

-†††††††††††††††††† J8743


Hand C†††††††††† Hand D†††††††††† With Hand C partner opens 1 and RHO overcalls a weak 2,

what do you bid?

K1053††††††††† KJ7††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††††††

A106††††††††††† 5†††††††††††††††††† With Hand D partner opens a short (could be two) 1♣: -

AQ2†††††††††††† 643†††††††††††††† (a) What do you bid?

J76†††††††††††††† A98652††††††† (b) Suppose you choose 2 and partner bids 2NT, what now?


Hand E††††††††††† Hand F††††††††††† With Hand E RHO opens a weak 2, what do you bid?


KQ8†††††††††††† A1096††††††††† With Hand F you are playing a short and so open 1††† , but

J8654†††††††††† 10432†††††††††† partner responds 2; what do you do now?

AK3†††††††††††† AJ5

A6††††††††††††††† KJ



Bidding Sequences Quiz††††††† ††† All of these sequences occurred this week


G†††† 3NT†† dbl†††† pass†††††††††††††††† 3NT is gambling; dbl is penalties; what does pass mean?

H†††† 2††††† 2NT†††††††††††††††††††††††††† 2 is weak, how many points is 2NT?

J††††† 1††††† pass†† 2†††† pass†††††† How many points is 2NT?


K†††† 1††††† pass†† 1††††† pass†††††† How many points is 2NT?


L††††† 1†††† pass†† 2†††† pass†††††† 1 was a short (maybe2 cards).

2NT†† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (a) What is 2 (how many points and how many ís)

(b) How many points is 2NT?


The Club Championships†††††† The current standings are: -

Gold Cup = Best 30†††††††††††††††† Silver plate = Best 10††††† Bronze medal = Best 5


1816.8Janne Roos††††††††††††††††† 666.8Janne Roos††††††††††††††††††† 350.4Janne Roos

1737.9Dave Cutler†††††††††††††††† 647.2Jan v Koss††††††††††††††††† 340.2Jan v Koss

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 634.5Lars Gustaffson†††††††††††† 336.2Bengt Malmgren

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 630.9Paul Savelkral††††††††††††††† 332.9Paul Savelkral

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 627.1Gunnar Barthel††††††††††††† 325.6Gunnar Barthel



Another silly double†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Board 16 from Wednesday 13th


They keep coming, week after week. Here West made a take-out double with 10xxx and Axx in the unbid suits!


Dealer:†††††††††††† -††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

West††††††††††††††† AQJ2†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† West††††††††† North†††††††† East††††††††††† South

E-W vul†††††††††† J1063††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† pass†††††††††† 1†††††††††††† pass†††††††††† 1

††††††††††††††††††††††† AJ1083††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† pass†† (1)††† 2†† (2)††††† pass†††††††††† pass (3)

dbl†††† (4)††† pass ††††††††† 2††† (5)††††† dbl†† (6)

AK4†††††††††††† †††† N†††††††††††† Q106532††††††††††††† pass†††††††††† pass†††††††††† 3††† (7)††††† dbl††

10874†††††††††† W††† E††††††††† 963†††††††††††††††††††††† all pass

A52††††††††††††††††††† S††††††††††††† K7†††††††††††††††††††††††

962††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 74†††††††††††††††††††††††

††††††††††††††††††††††† J987†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††



††††††††††††††††††††††† KQ5†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††


(1)   West wisely passed with this totally flat hand.

(2)   Despite what some books say, I have no objection with rebidding a 5-card suit, especially when playing a short . Anyway, there is no sensible alternative as I will not bid 1NT with a void in partnerís suit and the hand is nowhere near worth a reverse.

(3)   With 11 points and excellent ís (so partnerís 5/6 card suit should run) I would bid either 2NT or 3NT.

(4)   Having resisted the temptation to bid the flat hand twice, West finally succumbed. Now itís not usually a good idea to let the opponents play peacefully at the two level, but double here really is a terrible bid with just 7 cards in the unbid suits. These 11 points are going to make just as many tricks in defence as offence and pass is clear. The only remotely sensible alternative is 2.

(5)   East bid his longest suit!

(6)   South has sufficient values to be fairly sure that 2 will not make.

(7)   And East decided to run when it was doubled.


And what happened? 3 doubled went 5 down for 1400 to N-S. Had West sensibly passed at (4) then 2 would have made +3 for a good score to E-W. At other tables N-S played in 2NT+1 and in 5 making.

The bottom lines.

-         Donít double with flat hands!

-         With 11 points opposite an opener Ė invite.

Bidding Blackwood with a void†††††††††††††††††††††††††† Board 26 from Monday 11th


I was asked how the bid this hand to 7 with an ace missing. There is little sense in bidding Blackwood with a void and there are actually two ways to get to the grand.


Dealer:†††††††††††† J96†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Table A

East††††††††††††††††† 964†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† West††††††††† North†††††††† East(A)††††† South

both vul††††††††††† -††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† 1††††††††††††† pass

††††††††††††††††††††††† AJ108742††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 2††††††††††††† pass†††††††††† 4NT†† (1)††† pass

5††††† (2)††† pass ††††††††† 6††††† (3)††† all pass

K10††††††††††††† †††† N†††††††††††† A54†††††††††††††††††††††

AQ†††††††††††††† W††† E††††††††† KJ1052††††††††††††††† 1st Expert Table

KJ8763†††††††††††††† S††††††††††††† A10942††††††††††††††† West††††††††† North†††††††† East(A)††††† South

Q96†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† 1††††††††††††† pass

††††††††††††††††††††††† Q8732††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††† 2††††††††††††† pass†††††††††† 4†††† (1)††† pass

873†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 4††††† (4)††† pass†††††††††† 4††††† (4)††† pass

Q5††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 4NT†† (5)††† pass†††††††††† 5NT†† (6)††† pass

††††††††††††††††††††††† K53†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 7††††† (7)††† all pass


2nd Expert Table

West††††††††† North†††††††† East(A)††† South

-†††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† 1††††††††††† pass

2††††††††††††† pass†††††††††† 5†† (1)††† pass

5††† (8)††††† pass†††††††††† 6†† (9)††† pass

6††† (10)††† pass†††††††††† 7††† (11)all pass


Table A:†††† (1)What did you bid with this East Hand A in this weekís quiz? This East decided upon slam Ė quite reasonable. But what is not reasonable is to bid Blackwood with a void Ė when it transpires that there is one ace (or keycard) missing then you have no idea if itís in your void suit or not. East has a number of sensible options here. He can bid 3 if you play that as forcing (it is in 2/1) or East can splinter or he can use Exclusion RKCB.

(2)   Two keycards.

(3)   With no idea if itís the A thatís missing or not, East settles for 6.

1st Expert†† (1)This would be my choice, 3 would be natural and forcing so 4 is a splinter

Table:††††††† ††††† agreeing ís, showing shortage and slam interest.

(4)   A cue bid Ė showing the Ace.

(5)   RKCB for diamonds.

(6)   0 or 2 keycards plus a void somewhere (obviously ís).

(7)   With a void opposite West confidently bids the grand.

2nd Expert†† (1)This Expert decided to leap straight into Blackwood, but he has Exclusion RKCB

Table:††††††††††††† in his armory. When 4NT would be RKC Blackwood, then a jump to a suit at the 5 level is RKCB showing a void in the suit bid. It asks for keycards outside the suit.

(8)   Two keycards (outside ís).

(9)   Asking for kings (outside ís)

(10)   One.

(11)   And East bids the grand. I prefer our 1st expertís sequence because in this 2nd one East does no know that West has slam interest.


And what happened? The board was played 4 times on Monday. Three played in 6 and the 4th stopped in 5 without making a slam try.

The bottom lines.

-         Leaping straight into Blackwood is rarely a good idea, and bidding Blackwood with a void is definitely bad technique.

-         I like the 1st expertís bidding as West has also shown slam interest when he cue bid his A.

-         The void responses to RKCB are written up on the web:

(Conventions > section 1 > Responding to Blackwood with a void).

-†††† The alternative approach is Exclusion RKCB, which is a jump to the 5 level to show a void and ask for keycards outside the void suit. Exclusion Blackwood is briefly mentioned on the web (Conventions> section 1 > Exclusion Blackwood)



An Advantage of playing the short club††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Board 26 from Monday 11th


Hereís another slam from Monday. Two pairs out of 4 bid it (but one did not count as they were sitting out).


Dealer:†††††††††††† 982†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† West††††††††† North†††††††† East(A)††† South

South†††††††††††††† 654†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††† pass

both vul††††††††††† J95††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 1††††† (1)††† pass†††††††††† 1††††††††††† pass

††††††††††††††††††††††† J862†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 1NT†† (2)††† pass†††††††††† 6††† (3)††† all pass


J†††††††††††††††††† †††† N†††††††††††† AK1073†††††††† (1)Guaranteeing 4 ís.

KQ74†††††††††† W††† E††††††††† A10††††††††††††††† (2)2 is the alternative.†††††

K8632††††††††††††††† S††††††††††††† AQ104†††††††††† (3)When I was East I simply bid 6. When

K95†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Q3†††††††††††††††††††††† Janne was East he asked for keycards - I

††††††††††††††††††††††† Q654††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††† guess he was looking for a grand?††


7†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† And what happened?

††††††††††††††††††††††† A1074††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 6 scored a top, the other two pairs played in 3NT.


The bottom lines: -

-         When playing 5 card majors there may be problems when you open 1/ as it may be just 3 cards. My personal preference is to play a Ďshort í so that a 1 opening always promises 4+ ís. I.e. I only lie in one suit (1) rather than Ďbetter minorí when either a 1 or 1 opening may be a lie.

-         Janne/Per-Ake play 4 card majors and every opening is natural. Itís up to you but I personally much prefer 5 card majors and I refuse to play 4 card majors in conjunction with a strong No Trump. I have written up all about the failing of this combination on the web (Conventions > section 1 > Dutch Acol).





An adjusted score††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Board 6 from Wednesday 13th


There was a problem at this table when a conventional bid was mis-defined.


Dealer:†††††††††††† 1093††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

East††††††††††††††††† J43†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† West††††††††† North†††††††† East††††††††††† South

E-W vul†††††††††† 1062†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† pass†††††††††† 2††† (1)

Q653†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† dbl†††† (2)††† pass†††††††††† 4††† (3)††††† 4††† (4)††††††††††† 5††††††† (5)††††††† all pass

74†††††††††††††††† †††† N†††††††††††† J8††††††††††††††††††††††††

A10965††††††† W††† E††††††††† KQ97††††††††††††††††††

AK875†††††††††††††† S††††††††††††† J43†††††††††††††††††††††††

9††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† KJ104†††††††††††††††††

††††††††††††††††††††††† AKQ652††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††



††††††††††††††††††††††† A872†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††


(1)   This bid was alerted

(2)   But West doubled anyway. He planned to bid 3 over a 3 response to show a red two-suiter.

(3)   East asked what the 2 opener was and was told by North that it was weak, (Muiderberg) with 5 ís and a 4 card minor. So East reasonably bid game.

(4)   South then waved his convention card around and bid 4. It was thus clear to all of the table that North had explained the 2 bid incorrectly.

(5)   West has a good hand for ís and so bid 5.


And what happened? 5 went two down; 4 should make (with the 10,9 missing declarerís only play in the suit is to drop a doubleton Q) Ė I suspect that he was put off by the shenanigans and it did not seem important as 5 was down anyway. At the other two tables the results were 3-2 and 4 doubled -2. N-S thus got a Ďtopí. The director had not been called (because he was sitting West) and so he now put on his directors hat: -

South insisted that his 4 bid was quite in order and was not influenced by his knowledge that partner thought that he had weak hand. This may or may not be true, but he had apparently shown 11-15 points and a 6 card suit with his opening bid but now, after East and West had both shown strength and partner apparently weak, he decided to bid 4 all on his own. Itís totally irrelevant that I donít like the convention, but this South hand is too strong for the bid anyway. Whether South should bid again and whether his decision to do so was influenced by his knowledge that partner thought that he had a weak hand is all of little importance. The problem was Northís incorrect explanation and the rules are fairly clear here. If I was not at the table I would rule that Northís incorrect explanation had injured E-W and that E-W should be given 60% and N-S 40%. But as I was playing at the table I did not impose the full weight of the law and simply averaged the board.

The bottom lines.

-         If an incorrect explanation is given, then an adjusted score may well be in order.

-         You are not allowed to let your partnerís explanation of a bid affect your subsequent bids; you have to assume that he knows the system even if he has said something else to the opponents.

-         Thus South is obliged to pass at (4) but an adjusted score is in order anyway.

-         Established pairs should really know what their two level bids are!!

The 2NT rebid††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Board 27 from Friday 15th


How many points is a 2NT rebid by opener? Ė It depends upon the sequence.


Dealer:†††††††††††† KJ7†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

South†††††††††††††† 5†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† West††††††††† North(D)††† East††††††††††† South(F)

Love all††††††††††† 643†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† 1†† (1)

A98652††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† pass†† ††††††† 2†† (2)††††† pass†††††††††† 2NT (3)

pass†††††††††† 3NT (4)††††† all pass

52†††††††††††††††† †††† N†††††††††††† Q843†††††††††††††††††††

A986††††††††††† W††† E††††††††† KQJ7††††††††††††††††††

KQ1087†††††††††††† S††††††††††††† 92††††††††††††††††††††††††

103††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Q72††††††††††††††††††††

††††††††††††††††††††††† A1096††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††



††††††††††††††††††††††† KJ†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††


(1)   Playing a short , so maybe only 2 ís if exactly 4432 shape (as here).

(2)   What did you bid with this North hand D(a) in this weekís quiz? With 6 ís and a singleton, 2 is obvious and clearly better than 1NT.

(3)   What did you bid with this South hand F in this weekís quiz? Partnerís 2 bid shows 6-9 points and 6 ís. He has bid 2 in the full awareness that you may have just two ís and pass is clear. 2NT here (sequence L) shows 18-19 points, i.e. a hand too strong to open 1NT.

(4)   What did you bid with this North hand D(b) in this weekís quiz? With a maximum for his bid and the crucial A North has a clear raise to 3NT.


And what happened? 3NT went two down for a clear bottom. 2 makes 10 or 11 tricks.

The bottom lines.

-         When you open 1/ and partner raises to 2/ then a 2NT rebid shows a big hand.

-         This is absolutely bog standard page 3 beginners stuff; so I was somewhat surprised by the comments by two of the clubís leading players. One said that he had only recently realized that it showed a big hand; the other said Ďit depends upon the systemí.

-         The 2nd opinion is partially correct I suppose. Sequence L 1 - 2 - 2NT shows 18-19 points when playing a strong NT unless you play inverted minors. But playing a weak NoTrump then itís a good 16+. But either way it is most certainly not 13 points.

-         Whether you play a natural 1, better minor or a short is irrelevant for sequence L Ė if responder bids 2 then he knows what system you are playing (if natural then he may have just 4 ís, if better minor then he has 5 ís and if a short then he usually has 6 ís)

-†††† There is a page on the website all about the 2NT bid and this exact sequence L is written up in section 5.4 Ė it was specifically written a few years back for this actual South player when he asked me to write about the 2NT bid and I personally gave him a copy!

-†††† Itís on the web, (basic bidding > The 2NT bid).

-†††† Note that sequence L is one case for playing a strong NT rather than a weak one; playing a weak NT you may need to stretch 2NT with a good 16-17 points and may go down opposite a minimum, whereas playing a strong NT you simply open 1NT.



Show your suit or a stopper? Ė part 1†††††††††††††††† Board 18 from Friday 15th


RHO opens a weak two Ė do you show a suit or a stopper in his suit?


Dealer:†††††††††††† KQ8††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

East††††††††††††††††† J8654†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† West††††††††† North(E)††† East††††††††††† South(B)

N-S vul††††††††††† AK3†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† pass

A6††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 2††††† ††††††† 2NT (1)††††† pass†††††††††† 3†† (2)

pass†††††††††† 3††††††††††††† pass†††††††††† 4††† (3)

AJ9652†††††††† †††† N†††††††††††† 107†††††††††††††††††††††† all pass

7†††††††††††††††††† W††† E††††††††† KQ9††††††††††††††††††††

QJ62†††††††††††††††††† S††††††††††††† 8754††††††††††††††††††††

95††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† KQ102†††††††††††††††

††††††††††††††††††††††† 43†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††



††††††††††††††††††††††† J8743††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††


(1)   What did you bid with this North hand E in this weekís quiz? Should you show your 5 card suit (bid 3) or show your two stops (bid 2NT). If North was opener I would open 1NT and with these great stops and poor suit I think that 2NT is better than 3.

(2)   What did you bid with this South hand B in this weekís quiz? Partnerís 2NT overcall is 15-18, just the same as 1NT over a one level opening, and South should pass Ė there is not enough for game. But this South thought that 2NT showed more and so he tried Stayman Ö

(3)   Ö and then bid game.


And what happened? Luckily for South, North was maximum with 5 ís and the contract made on the nail. Other contracts were 1NT+2, 2NT-3 and 3NT-1.

The bottom lines.

-         With two stoppers in RHOís overcalled suit itís usually best to bid No Trumps rather than introduce a suit unless you have values for game.


Show your suit or a stopper? Ė part 2†††††††††††††††† Board 21 from Friday 15th


Partner opens and RHO overcalls Ė do you show a suit or a stopper in overcallerís suit?


Dealer:†††††††††††† AQJ4†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

North†††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† West††††††††† North†††††††† East††††††††††† South(C)

N-S vul††††††††††† J973††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† -†††††††††††††††† 1†††††††††††† 2††† (1)††††† 3NT (2)

K9843†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† all pass


98†††††††††††††††† †††† N†††††††††††† 762††††††††††††††††††††††

Q43††††††††††††† W††† E††††††††† KJ98752†††††††††††††

K1054††††††††††††††† S††††††††††††† 86††††††††††††††††††††††††

95††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 5†††††††††††††††††††††††††

††††††††††††††††††††††† K1053††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††



††††††††††††††††††††††† J76††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††


(1)   A weak jump overcall. I would bid 3, or even 4 at this vulnerability.

(2)   What did you bid with this South hand C in this weekís quiz? Should you show your 4 card suit (bid a negative double) or show your stop (bid 3NT). In my opinion this is the exact opposite of question C. Here the suit is quite respectable and thereís only one stop. You should double and only try 3NT (maybe with 3 to see if partner has a little help) if partner denies support.


And what happened? 3NT went 4 down. It makes if South has the wit to hold up the A twice but itís scoring badly anyway as two other were in 4 making. The fourth was in 3NT making.

The bottom lines.

-         With just one stopper in RHOís overcalled suit, show your own 4 card major.

-         Note the differences between this decision by South and the decision by North in the previous article. With the previous Hand E North does not know that there are game values and so had to make a decision (show his ís or bid No Trumps). But with this Hand C South knows that there are game values and he can do both (show his ís with a negative double and then try for or bid 3NT next go if there is no fit).

-         If an opponent is known to have a weak hand and a long suit and you are playing in NoTrumps Ė then hold up the ace!


Bidding Quiz Answers


Hand A:††† 4. A splinter agreeing ís, showing slam interest and shortage. A reasonable alternative is 5, Exclusion RKC Blackwood. 4NT is a poor bid because if there is just one keycard missing you donít know if itís the A or not. Charging into Blackwood is rarely a good bid and certainly not with a void.

Hand B:††† Pass. Partnerís 2NT is 15-18 and you do not have enough to try for game with 3 Stayman.

Hand C:††† Double, negative and showing 4 ís. You have values for game but I donít like 3NT with just one stop, especially as there may be a 4-4 fit. You get another chance to try for 3NT if no fit materialises.

Hand D:††† (a)2, obviously. 1NT is absurd with a singleton and even if itís a 6-2 fit thatís where you want to play if partner is weak.

(b)3NT. Partnerís 2NT bid shows a balanced 18-19 and you easily have enough for game.

Hand E:††† 2NT, 15-18. I think itís more important to show these two good stops than to show the weak suit with a 3 overcall. I would open the hand 1NT and certainly feel that a 2NT overcall is best after RHO has opened with a weak 2. This is the complete opposite of Hand C and you cannot do both (show the stops and show the ís) as your side probably does not have game values and you probably will not get another bid.

Hand F:†††† Pass. Partner has 6 ís, 6-9 points and no 4-card major. A 2NT bid by you now would show 18-19 points, i.e. a hand too good to open 1NT.†††††††††††††††


Bidding Sequence Answers



G†††† 3NT†† dbl†††† pass†††††††††††††††††pass means that responder believes that 3NT may well make, he has a stopper in all suits and an entry to partnerís long minor.

H†††† 2††††† 2NT†††††††††††††††††††††††††† 2NT is 15-18 with good stop(s).

J††††† 1††††† pass†† 2†††† pass†††††† 2NT is 12-14. Partner has forced you to bid at the two level.


K†††† 1††††† pass†† 1††††† pass†††††† 2NT is 18-19. Partner has only promised 6 points.


L††††† 1†††† pass†† 2†††† pass†††††† (a) 2 is 6-9 with usually 6 ís opposite a possibly short .

2NT†† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† (b) 2NT is 18-19. Partner has only promised 6 points.